Selected derivatives of 1,4-benzodiazepine: lorazepam, lormetazepam, oxazepam and temazepam, used as active substances in anxiolytic drugs, have been studied by 35Cl NQR method in order to find the correlation between electronic structure and biological activity. The 35Cl NQR resonance frequencies (νQ) measured at 77 K have been correlated with the following parameters characterising their biological activity: biological half-life period (t0.5), affinity to benzodiazepine receptor (IC50) and mean dose equivalent. The results of experimental study of some benzodiazepine derivatives by nuclear quadrupole resonance of 35Cl nuclei are compared with theoretical results based on DFT calculations which were carried out by means of Gaussian'98 W software.
- Anxiolytic drugs
- DFT calculations
- Nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) spectroscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics