Structure, Phase Composition, and Mechanical Properties of Composites Based on ZrO2 and Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

A. A. Leonov, E. V. Abdulmenova, M. P. Kalashnikov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Abstract: In this work, composites based on yttria-stabilized zirconia (3Y-TZP) with additives of 1.5 and 10 wt % multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were studied. Samples were obtained by spark plasma sintering (SPS) at a temperature of 1500°C. It was found that, after high-temperature sintering, MWCNTs retain their structure and are located along the ZrO2 grain boundaries forming a network structure. It was found that the addition of 1 wt % MWCNTs increases the relative composite density from 98.3 to 99.0%. It was noted that nanotubes can significantly affect the phase composition of composites. The addition of 5 wt % MWCNT partially limits the monoclinic–tetragonal phase transition of ZrO2, and the addition of 10 wt % MWCNTs leads to the formation of a cubic phase of zirconium carbide. It was found that fracture toughness of the composite with 10 wt % MWCNTs increases from 4.0 to 5.7 MPa m1/2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-490
Number of pages9
JournalInorganic Materials: Applied Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021


  • carbon nanotubes
  • composite
  • mechanical properties
  • zirconia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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