Structure of salts solution in polar dielectric liquids and electrically induced separation of solvated ions

Igor V. Shamanin, Mishik A. Kazaryan, Victor I. Sachkov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The aim of study is to demonstrate that separation of solvated ions in solution of mix of salts under the action of external periodic electric field happens because of around ions there are formed clusters consisting of molecules of solvent and the sizes of such clusters have dimensions ∼ 0.1 μm. In investigations the sizes of clusters theoretically were defined and experimentally value of frequency of external electric field which action excites the effect of separation of the solvated ions was defined. Experiments were done in the Technical Physics Chair of the National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University. At theoretical determination of the dimensions of clusters Poisson's equation was solved and was considered that polar molecules of solvent are oriented under the action of electric field of an ion. The chemical composition of samples of solutions was determined by means of the spectrophotometry and he X-ray excited fluorescent radiation analysis method. Theoretical estimates and results of experiments confirmed the assumption that clusters which are formed around ions in solutions have the dimensions ∼ 0.1 μm. Results of investigation testify that placing of volume distributed electric charge of ion in dielectric liquid is accompanied by formation of the supramolecular particles, which we called »clusters», linear sizes of which is significantly more than first and second radiuses of solvation (∼ 1 Angstrom) and reach size ∼ 0.1 μm. At such sizes inertial properties of clusters and their natural frequencies give the chance to operate their movement by means of action of external electric field on solution.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
PublisherSPIE
Volume9810
ISBN (Print)9781510600515
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventInternational Conference on Atomic and Molecular Pulsed Lasers XII - Tomsk, Russian Federation
Duration: 13 Sep 201518 Sep 2015

Other

OtherInternational Conference on Atomic and Molecular Pulsed Lasers XII
CountryRussian Federation
CityTomsk
Period13.9.1518.9.15

Fingerprint

Dielectric liquids
Salt
Salts
Liquid
Ions
salts
liquids
Electric fields
Electric Field
ions
electric fields
External Field
Molecules
Electric charge
Poisson equation
Solvation
Spectrophotometry
electric charge
spectrophotometry
Poisson's equation

Keywords

  • cation
  • directed motion
  • electric field
  • separation
  • Solution
  • solvation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Shamanin, I. V., Kazaryan, M. A., & Sachkov, V. I. (2015). Structure of salts solution in polar dielectric liquids and electrically induced separation of solvated ions. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 9810). [981019] SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2225223

Structure of salts solution in polar dielectric liquids and electrically induced separation of solvated ions. / Shamanin, Igor V.; Kazaryan, Mishik A.; Sachkov, Victor I.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 9810 SPIE, 2015. 981019.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Shamanin, IV, Kazaryan, MA & Sachkov, VI 2015, Structure of salts solution in polar dielectric liquids and electrically induced separation of solvated ions. in Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 9810, 981019, SPIE, International Conference on Atomic and Molecular Pulsed Lasers XII, Tomsk, Russian Federation, 13.9.15. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2225223
Shamanin IV, Kazaryan MA, Sachkov VI. Structure of salts solution in polar dielectric liquids and electrically induced separation of solvated ions. In Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 9810. SPIE. 2015. 981019 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2225223
Shamanin, Igor V. ; Kazaryan, Mishik A. ; Sachkov, Victor I. / Structure of salts solution in polar dielectric liquids and electrically induced separation of solvated ions. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 9810 SPIE, 2015.
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