The influence of crystallization conditions of leaded tin bronze on the obtained microstructure parameters is examined in the paper. Modification of crystallization conditions was realised by varying the cooling rate of the melt with preheating of the casting molds. Quantitative regularities of the influence of the cooling rate of bronze on its phase composition are presented. Data on mechanical properties of the material under investigation are also reported in the paper. It is demonstrated that high cooling rates (casting into mold at ambient temperature) enable obtaining higher mechanical properties in comparison with low cooling rates (casting into mold heated up to 800 °C).