Structural features of Ni-Cr-Si-B materials obtained by different technologies

E. E. Kornienko, A. A. Nikulina, N. S. Belousova, D. V. Lazurenko, A. S. Ivashutenko, V. I. Kuz'Min

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study considers the structural features of Ni-Cr-Si-B (Ni - base; 15.1 % Cr; 2 % Si; 2 % B; 0.4 % C) materials obtained by different methods. The self-fluxing coatings were deposited by plasma spraying on the tubes from low carbon steel. Bulk cylinder specimens of 20 mm diameter and 15 mm height were obtained by spark plasma sintering (SPS). The structure and phase composition of these materials were investigated by optical microscopy (OM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffractometry (XRD). The major phases of coatings and sintered materials are γ-Ni, Ni3B, CrB and Cr7C3. We demonstrate that the particle unmelted in the process of plasma spraying or SPS consist of γ-Ni-NEB eutectic and also CrB and Cr7C3 inclusions. The prolonged exposure of powder to high temperatures as well as slow cooling rates by SPS provide for the growth of the structural components as compared to those of plasma coatings materials. High cooling rates at the plasma spraying by melted particles contribute to the formation of supersaturated solid solution of Cr, Si and Fe in γ-Ni. The structure of the melted particles in sintering material has gradient composition: the core constituted of Ni grains of 10 μm with γ-Ni-Ni3B eutectic on the edges. The results of the experiment demonstrate that the sintering material has a smaller microhardness in comparison with plasma coatings (650 and 850 MPa, respectively), but at the same time the material has higher density (porosity less than 1 %) than plasma coatings (porosity about 2.. .3 %).

Original languageEnglish
Article number012020
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume156
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Nov 2016

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Spark plasma sintering
Plasma spraying
Coatings
Plasmas
Eutectics
Sintering
Porosity
Cooling
Low carbon steel
Phase composition
Density (specific gravity)
Powders
Microhardness
X ray diffraction analysis
Optical microscopy
Solid solutions
Transmission electron microscopy
Scanning electron microscopy
Chemical analysis
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Structural features of Ni-Cr-Si-B materials obtained by different technologies. / Kornienko, E. E.; Nikulina, A. A.; Belousova, N. S.; Lazurenko, D. V.; Ivashutenko, A. S.; Kuz'Min, V. I.

In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 156, No. 1, 012020, 08.11.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kornienko, E. E. ; Nikulina, A. A. ; Belousova, N. S. ; Lazurenko, D. V. ; Ivashutenko, A. S. ; Kuz'Min, V. I. / Structural features of Ni-Cr-Si-B materials obtained by different technologies. In: IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2016 ; Vol. 156, No. 1.
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