Stability of Surface-Enhanced Ultrahydrophilic Metals as a Basis for Bioactive rhBMP-2 Surfaces

M. Chatzinikolaidou, T. Zumbrink, H. P. Jennissen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


For several years the treatment of metals like cp titanium and 316L stainless steel with concentrated chromosulfuric acid at high temperatures (230-240 °C) has formed the basis for preparing ultra-hydrophilic priming coats on these metals (Jennissen et al. Materialwiss. Werkstofftech. 30, 838-845, 1999). Metals treated in this way have been called surface-enhanced, displaying a characteristic ultrastructure, and can be easily modified to carry a biocoat of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 (rhBMP2). The major oxide on surface enhanced titanium is TiO 2. Thus this TiO 2-layer could be responsible for the ultra-hydrophilic properties of the priming coat. Irradiation of TiO 2 layers by ultraviolet light (Wang et al., Nature 388, 431-432, 1997) has been shown to endow these layers with ultra-hydrophilic properties (i.e. contact angles of ∼ 0°). However the ultra-hydrophilic TiO 2-layers produced by irradiation are unstable and revert to the original high contact angles of ∼ 70° within several days. The question of whether the ultra-hydrophilic surfaces prepared by the chromosulfuric acid method show long-term stability was therefore important to answer. In addition the question if rhBMP-2 immobilized on such a surface will retain its biological activity was of great interest. In this paper it will be shown that ultrahydrophilic titanium mini-plates retain their ultra-hydrophilicity with contact angles of 0-8° unchanged for at least 50 days and support the immobilization of rhBMP-2 in a biologically active form.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1106-1112
Number of pages7
JournalMaterialwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • 316L steel
  • Chromosulfuric acid
  • Cobalt chromium alloy
  • Contact angle hysteresis
  • Inverse Lotus Effect
  • Rockwell adhesion test
  • TiO
  • Titanium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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