Sources and characteristics of terrestrial carbon in Holocene-scale sediments of the East Siberian Sea

Kirsi Keskitalo, Tommaso Tesi, Lisa Bröder, August Andersson, Christof Pearce, Martin Sköld, Igor P. Semiletov, Oleg V. Dudarev, Örjan Gustafsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thawing of permafrost carbon (PF-C) due to climate warming can remobilise considerable amounts of terrestrial carbon from its long-term storage to the marine environment. PF-C can be then be buried in sediments or remineralised to CO2 with implications for the carbon-climate feedback. Studying historical sediment records during past natural climate changes can help us to understand the response of permafrost to current climate warming. In this study, two sediment cores collected from the East Siberian Sea were used to study terrestrial organic carbon sources, composition and degradation during the past g1/4 9500gyrs BP. CuO-derived lignin and cutin products (i.e., compounds solely biosynthesised in terrestrial plants) combined with 13C suggest that there was a higher input of terrestrial organic carbon to the East Siberian Sea between g1/4 9500 and 8200gyrs BP than in all later periods. This high input was likely caused by marine transgression and permafrost destabilisation in the early Holocene climatic optimum. Based on source apportionment modelling using dual-carbon isotope (14C, 13C) data, coastal erosion releasing old Pleistocene permafrost carbon was identified as a significant source of organic matter translocated to the East Siberian Sea during the Holocene.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1213-1226
Number of pages14
JournalClimate of the Past
Volume13
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sep 2017

Fingerprint

permafrost
Holocene
carbon
sediment
warming
organic carbon
climate feedback
coastal erosion
Hypsithermal
climate
thawing
transgression
lignin
sediment core
carbon isotope
marine environment
sea
Pleistocene
organic matter
degradation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Stratigraphy
  • Palaeontology

Cite this

Keskitalo, K., Tesi, T., Bröder, L., Andersson, A., Pearce, C., Sköld, M., ... Gustafsson, Ö. (2017). Sources and characteristics of terrestrial carbon in Holocene-scale sediments of the East Siberian Sea. Climate of the Past, 13(9), 1213-1226. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-13-1213-2017

Sources and characteristics of terrestrial carbon in Holocene-scale sediments of the East Siberian Sea. / Keskitalo, Kirsi; Tesi, Tommaso; Bröder, Lisa; Andersson, August; Pearce, Christof; Sköld, Martin; Semiletov, Igor P.; Dudarev, Oleg V.; Gustafsson, Örjan.

In: Climate of the Past, Vol. 13, No. 9, 22.09.2017, p. 1213-1226.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Keskitalo, K, Tesi, T, Bröder, L, Andersson, A, Pearce, C, Sköld, M, Semiletov, IP, Dudarev, OV & Gustafsson, Ö 2017, 'Sources and characteristics of terrestrial carbon in Holocene-scale sediments of the East Siberian Sea', Climate of the Past, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 1213-1226. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-13-1213-2017
Keskitalo, Kirsi ; Tesi, Tommaso ; Bröder, Lisa ; Andersson, August ; Pearce, Christof ; Sköld, Martin ; Semiletov, Igor P. ; Dudarev, Oleg V. ; Gustafsson, Örjan. / Sources and characteristics of terrestrial carbon in Holocene-scale sediments of the East Siberian Sea. In: Climate of the Past. 2017 ; Vol. 13, No. 9. pp. 1213-1226.
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