Site-specific release of reactive oxygen species from ordered arrays of microchambers based on polylactic acid and carbon nanodots

Alexey V. Ermakov, Valeriya L. Kudryavtseva, Polina A. Demina, Roman A. Verkhovskii, Jiaxin Zhang, Ekaterina V. Lengert, Andrei V. Sapelkin, Irina Yu Goryacheva, Gleb B. Sukhorukov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Non-destructive, controllable, remote light-induced release inside cells enables studying of time- and space-specific surface-mediated delivery of bioactive compounds, which is an important approach in a wide range of biomedical tasks, especially those related to the control of cell growth, regenerative medicine, and self-disinfecting structures such as catheters. In this regard, the elaboration of encapsulation and controlled release of oxidative species is in high demand due to its versatile applications. One of the obvious candidates for such species is hydrogen peroxide. However, the delivery of hydrogen peroxide to the site of interest with high temporal and spatial precision remains challenging due to the active and unstable nature of the substance. We hereby present an approach to encapsulate and store a hydrogen peroxide-containing solid compound (sodium percarbonate) in the free-standing arrays of biopolymer-based microchambers. In this regard, we use solid-state encapsulation enabling high payload ability, followed by isolated storage in order to prevent contact of the cargo with water. Monitoring of the release profiles reveals the encapsulation of sodium percarbonate with little leakage for up to 24 hours. Microchambers are fabricated with predetermined size and spatial distribution, which allows the release of extremely small amounts of cargo (10-30 pg) with high spatial accuracy. Microchambers are made of polylactic acid and functionalized by carbon nanodots, which provide biocompatibility and biodegradability of the whole system together with responsiveness towards NIR light. These chambers facilitate both ultrasound-assisted burst release and laser-driven carbon nanoparticle-assisted precise release of extremely small, controlled amounts of a few picograms of hydrogen peroxide in submerged conditions. Microchambers loaded with sodium percarbonate provided adhesion and high viability of mouse fibroblasts over 24 h of exposure. The developed system opens an exciting avenue for prospective delivery routes in a number of areas such as wound healing by time and site-specific release.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7977-7986
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry B
Volume8
Issue number35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)

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