Simultaneous ignition of several droplets of coal–water slurry containing petrochemicals in oxidizer flow

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Abstract

This paper examines ignition features of coal–water slurry containing petrochemicals (CWSP). Fuel slurry composition is based on a filter cake (typical processing waste) of coal (grade K), water, scavenged turbine oil, and plasticizer. The novelty of this paper is that it indicates a joint influence of several droplets on the CWSP ignition characteristics in an oxidizer flow (air). Its temperature and velocity vary in the range of 400–1200 K and 0.5–5 m/s. These ranges are chosen so as to yield optimal results that can be used in various fuel technologies and waste recycling. The study examines the cases of two, three, four, and five droplets. It is considered that droplets are arranged differently relative to each other (in parallel, in series, and in rhomb) in the oxidizer flow. The distances between droplets are also different; here, they vary from 0.5 mm to 1.5 mm. The diameter of each droplet is about 1 mm. The study specifies the ignition delay time for CWSP. Special facilities, such as high-speed cameras, cross-correlation systems, a hollow glass cylinder (representing a combustion chamber), are used to monitor the basic parameters of ignition. Tema Automotive and Actual Flow software allow processing of the experimental results. Experiments demonstrate that the local sources of heterogeneous combustion are formed when CWSP droplets are burning. Such formation is characterized by some features, since droplets are spaced differently in the group relative to the oxidizer flow. Finally, the paper discusses the joint influence of neighboring droplets on the conditions and characteristics of their sustainable combustion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-33
Number of pages12
JournalFuel Processing Technology
Volume152
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016

Fingerprint

Petrochemicals
Ignition
Plasticizers
Coal
High speed cameras
Engine cylinders
Combustion chambers
Processing
Recycling
Time delay
Oils
Turbines
Glass
Water
Air
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • Coal–water slurry
  • Droplet
  • Heated oxidizer flow
  • Ignition
  • Ignition delay time
  • Petrochemicals
  • Several droplets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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title = "Simultaneous ignition of several droplets of coal–water slurry containing petrochemicals in oxidizer flow",
abstract = "This paper examines ignition features of coal–water slurry containing petrochemicals (CWSP). Fuel slurry composition is based on a filter cake (typical processing waste) of coal (grade K), water, scavenged turbine oil, and plasticizer. The novelty of this paper is that it indicates a joint influence of several droplets on the CWSP ignition characteristics in an oxidizer flow (air). Its temperature and velocity vary in the range of 400–1200 K and 0.5–5 m/s. These ranges are chosen so as to yield optimal results that can be used in various fuel technologies and waste recycling. The study examines the cases of two, three, four, and five droplets. It is considered that droplets are arranged differently relative to each other (in parallel, in series, and in rhomb) in the oxidizer flow. The distances between droplets are also different; here, they vary from 0.5 mm to 1.5 mm. The diameter of each droplet is about 1 mm. The study specifies the ignition delay time for CWSP. Special facilities, such as high-speed cameras, cross-correlation systems, a hollow glass cylinder (representing a combustion chamber), are used to monitor the basic parameters of ignition. Tema Automotive and Actual Flow software allow processing of the experimental results. Experiments demonstrate that the local sources of heterogeneous combustion are formed when CWSP droplets are burning. Such formation is characterized by some features, since droplets are spaced differently in the group relative to the oxidizer flow. Finally, the paper discusses the joint influence of neighboring droplets on the conditions and characteristics of their sustainable combustion.",
keywords = "Coal–water slurry, Droplet, Heated oxidizer flow, Ignition, Ignition delay time, Petrochemicals, Several droplets",
author = "Glushkov, {Dmitrii O.} and Kuznetsov, {Geniy V.} and Strizhak, {Pavel A.}",
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AU - Glushkov, Dmitrii O.

AU - Kuznetsov, Geniy V.

AU - Strizhak, Pavel A.

PY - 2016/11/1

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N2 - This paper examines ignition features of coal–water slurry containing petrochemicals (CWSP). Fuel slurry composition is based on a filter cake (typical processing waste) of coal (grade K), water, scavenged turbine oil, and plasticizer. The novelty of this paper is that it indicates a joint influence of several droplets on the CWSP ignition characteristics in an oxidizer flow (air). Its temperature and velocity vary in the range of 400–1200 K and 0.5–5 m/s. These ranges are chosen so as to yield optimal results that can be used in various fuel technologies and waste recycling. The study examines the cases of two, three, four, and five droplets. It is considered that droplets are arranged differently relative to each other (in parallel, in series, and in rhomb) in the oxidizer flow. The distances between droplets are also different; here, they vary from 0.5 mm to 1.5 mm. The diameter of each droplet is about 1 mm. The study specifies the ignition delay time for CWSP. Special facilities, such as high-speed cameras, cross-correlation systems, a hollow glass cylinder (representing a combustion chamber), are used to monitor the basic parameters of ignition. Tema Automotive and Actual Flow software allow processing of the experimental results. Experiments demonstrate that the local sources of heterogeneous combustion are formed when CWSP droplets are burning. Such formation is characterized by some features, since droplets are spaced differently in the group relative to the oxidizer flow. Finally, the paper discusses the joint influence of neighboring droplets on the conditions and characteristics of their sustainable combustion.

AB - This paper examines ignition features of coal–water slurry containing petrochemicals (CWSP). Fuel slurry composition is based on a filter cake (typical processing waste) of coal (grade K), water, scavenged turbine oil, and plasticizer. The novelty of this paper is that it indicates a joint influence of several droplets on the CWSP ignition characteristics in an oxidizer flow (air). Its temperature and velocity vary in the range of 400–1200 K and 0.5–5 m/s. These ranges are chosen so as to yield optimal results that can be used in various fuel technologies and waste recycling. The study examines the cases of two, three, four, and five droplets. It is considered that droplets are arranged differently relative to each other (in parallel, in series, and in rhomb) in the oxidizer flow. The distances between droplets are also different; here, they vary from 0.5 mm to 1.5 mm. The diameter of each droplet is about 1 mm. The study specifies the ignition delay time for CWSP. Special facilities, such as high-speed cameras, cross-correlation systems, a hollow glass cylinder (representing a combustion chamber), are used to monitor the basic parameters of ignition. Tema Automotive and Actual Flow software allow processing of the experimental results. Experiments demonstrate that the local sources of heterogeneous combustion are formed when CWSP droplets are burning. Such formation is characterized by some features, since droplets are spaced differently in the group relative to the oxidizer flow. Finally, the paper discusses the joint influence of neighboring droplets on the conditions and characteristics of their sustainable combustion.

KW - Coal–water slurry

KW - Droplet

KW - Heated oxidizer flow

KW - Ignition

KW - Ignition delay time

KW - Petrochemicals

KW - Several droplets

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