Aims: This field experiment examined whether trained people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) have similar cardiovascular and baroreflex alterations after a 21-km running race when compared to healthy people. Methods: Nine T1D (39.0 ± 11.1 yr; 175.0 ± 10.2 cm; 70.8 ± 8.7 kg) were matched with 9 healthy participants (42.4 ± 5.8 yr; 175.7 ± 6.7 cm; 72.1 ± 8.5 kg) who ran an official half-marathon. Before and 1-hour after the race, cardiovascular variables, sympathetic activity (catecholamines), parasympathetic (heart rate variability analysis) modulation and cardiac baroreflex function (transfer function analysis) were assessed during supine rest and a squat stand test (forced blood pressure change). Results: Performance time and weight loss [104.0 ± 13.2 and 111.0 ± 18.7 min; −2.57 ± 1.05 kg (−1.88 ± 0.88%) and −2.29 ± 1.15 kg (−1.59 ± 0.59%)] for healthy and T1D participants, respectively) were similar. Before running, no significant differences in any cardiovascular or autonomic variables were noted between the groups. After 1 h of recovery, both groups exhibited post-exercise hypotension, accompanied by increased sympathetic activity, decreased parasympathetic modulation, and reduced cardiac baroreflex sensitivity. Conclusions: Our results showed that the pattern of change in cardiovascular and autonomic nervous activity to strenuous exercise are well maintained in T1D participants with a training history of at least 5 years.
- Squat stand test
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism