Siberian CO2 efflux in winter as a CO2 source and cause of seasonality in atmospheric CO2

S. A. Zimov, S. P. Davidov, Y. V. Voropaev, S. F. Prosiannikov, I. P. Semiletov, M. C. Chapin, F. S. Chapin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    154 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Over three years, we found a consistent CO2 efflux from forest tundra of the Russian North throughout the year, including a large (89 g C m2 yr1) efflux during winter. Our results provide one explanation for the observations that the highest atmospheric CO2 concentration and greatest seasonal amplitude occur at high latitudes rather than over the mid- latitudes, where fossil fuel sources are large, and where high summer productivity offset by winter respiration should give large seasonal oscillations in atmospheric CO2. Winter respiration probably contributed substantially to the boreal winter CO2 efflux. Respiration is an exothermic process that produces enough heat to warm soils and promote further decomposition. We suggest that, as a result of this positive feedback, small changes in surface heat flux, associated with human activities in the North or with regional or global warming, could release large quantities of organic carbon that are presently stored in permafrost.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)111-120
    Number of pages10
    JournalClimatic Change
    Volume33
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1996

    Fingerprint

    seasonality
    respiration
    winter
    tundra
    permafrost
    fossil fuel
    heat flux
    global warming
    human activity
    organic carbon
    oscillation
    decomposition
    productivity
    summer
    soil

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Global and Planetary Change
    • Atmospheric Science

    Cite this

    Zimov, S. A., Davidov, S. P., Voropaev, Y. V., Prosiannikov, S. F., Semiletov, I. P., Chapin, M. C., & Chapin, F. S. (1996). Siberian CO2 efflux in winter as a CO2 source and cause of seasonality in atmospheric CO2. Climatic Change, 33(1), 111-120. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00140516

    Siberian CO2 efflux in winter as a CO2 source and cause of seasonality in atmospheric CO2. / Zimov, S. A.; Davidov, S. P.; Voropaev, Y. V.; Prosiannikov, S. F.; Semiletov, I. P.; Chapin, M. C.; Chapin, F. S.

    In: Climatic Change, Vol. 33, No. 1, 1996, p. 111-120.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Zimov, SA, Davidov, SP, Voropaev, YV, Prosiannikov, SF, Semiletov, IP, Chapin, MC & Chapin, FS 1996, 'Siberian CO2 efflux in winter as a CO2 source and cause of seasonality in atmospheric CO2', Climatic Change, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 111-120. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00140516
    Zimov, S. A. ; Davidov, S. P. ; Voropaev, Y. V. ; Prosiannikov, S. F. ; Semiletov, I. P. ; Chapin, M. C. ; Chapin, F. S. / Siberian CO2 efflux in winter as a CO2 source and cause of seasonality in atmospheric CO2. In: Climatic Change. 1996 ; Vol. 33, No. 1. pp. 111-120.
    @article{bd2f53fa017849a5b58074b26919c29a,
    title = "Siberian CO2 efflux in winter as a CO2 source and cause of seasonality in atmospheric CO2",
    abstract = "Over three years, we found a consistent CO2 efflux from forest tundra of the Russian North throughout the year, including a large (89 g C m2 yr1) efflux during winter. Our results provide one explanation for the observations that the highest atmospheric CO2 concentration and greatest seasonal amplitude occur at high latitudes rather than over the mid- latitudes, where fossil fuel sources are large, and where high summer productivity offset by winter respiration should give large seasonal oscillations in atmospheric CO2. Winter respiration probably contributed substantially to the boreal winter CO2 efflux. Respiration is an exothermic process that produces enough heat to warm soils and promote further decomposition. We suggest that, as a result of this positive feedback, small changes in surface heat flux, associated with human activities in the North or with regional or global warming, could release large quantities of organic carbon that are presently stored in permafrost.",
    author = "Zimov, {S. A.} and Davidov, {S. P.} and Voropaev, {Y. V.} and Prosiannikov, {S. F.} and Semiletov, {I. P.} and Chapin, {M. C.} and Chapin, {F. S.}",
    year = "1996",
    doi = "10.1007/BF00140516",
    language = "English",
    volume = "33",
    pages = "111--120",
    journal = "Climatic Change",
    issn = "0165-0009",
    publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
    number = "1",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Siberian CO2 efflux in winter as a CO2 source and cause of seasonality in atmospheric CO2

    AU - Zimov, S. A.

    AU - Davidov, S. P.

    AU - Voropaev, Y. V.

    AU - Prosiannikov, S. F.

    AU - Semiletov, I. P.

    AU - Chapin, M. C.

    AU - Chapin, F. S.

    PY - 1996

    Y1 - 1996

    N2 - Over three years, we found a consistent CO2 efflux from forest tundra of the Russian North throughout the year, including a large (89 g C m2 yr1) efflux during winter. Our results provide one explanation for the observations that the highest atmospheric CO2 concentration and greatest seasonal amplitude occur at high latitudes rather than over the mid- latitudes, where fossil fuel sources are large, and where high summer productivity offset by winter respiration should give large seasonal oscillations in atmospheric CO2. Winter respiration probably contributed substantially to the boreal winter CO2 efflux. Respiration is an exothermic process that produces enough heat to warm soils and promote further decomposition. We suggest that, as a result of this positive feedback, small changes in surface heat flux, associated with human activities in the North or with regional or global warming, could release large quantities of organic carbon that are presently stored in permafrost.

    AB - Over three years, we found a consistent CO2 efflux from forest tundra of the Russian North throughout the year, including a large (89 g C m2 yr1) efflux during winter. Our results provide one explanation for the observations that the highest atmospheric CO2 concentration and greatest seasonal amplitude occur at high latitudes rather than over the mid- latitudes, where fossil fuel sources are large, and where high summer productivity offset by winter respiration should give large seasonal oscillations in atmospheric CO2. Winter respiration probably contributed substantially to the boreal winter CO2 efflux. Respiration is an exothermic process that produces enough heat to warm soils and promote further decomposition. We suggest that, as a result of this positive feedback, small changes in surface heat flux, associated with human activities in the North or with regional or global warming, could release large quantities of organic carbon that are presently stored in permafrost.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029659533&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029659533&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1007/BF00140516

    DO - 10.1007/BF00140516

    M3 - Article

    VL - 33

    SP - 111

    EP - 120

    JO - Climatic Change

    JF - Climatic Change

    SN - 0165-0009

    IS - 1

    ER -