Search for black holes and sphalerons in high-multiplicity final states in proton-proton collisions at √s=13 TeV

The CMS collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A search in energetic, high-multiplicity final states for evidence of physics beyond the standard model, such as black holes, string balls, and electroweak sphalerons, is presented. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb −1 collected with the CMS experiment at the LHC in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV in 2016. Standard model backgrounds, dominated by multijet production, are determined from control regions in data without any reliance on simulation. No evidence for excesses above the predicted background is observed. Model-independent 95% confidence level upper limits on the cross section of beyond the standard model signals in these final states are set and further interpreted in terms of limits on semiclassical black hole, string ball, and sphaleron production. In the context of models with large extra dimensions, semiclassical black holes with minimum masses as high as 10.1 TeV and string balls with masses as high as 9.5 TeV are excluded by this search. Results of the first dedicated search for electroweak sphalerons are presented. An upper limit of 0.021 is set at 95% confidence level on the fraction of all quark-quark interactions above the nominal threshold energy of 9 TeV resulting in the sphaleron transition.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Article number42
JournalJournal of High Energy Physics
Volume2018
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

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balls
strings
collisions
protons
confidence
quarks
center of mass
luminosity
physics
thresholds
energy
cross sections
simulation
interactions

Keywords

  • Beyond Standard Model
  • Hadron-Hadron scattering (experiments)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

Cite this

Search for black holes and sphalerons in high-multiplicity final states in proton-proton collisions at √s=13 TeV. / The CMS collaboration.

In: Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, No. 11, 42, 01.11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "A search in energetic, high-multiplicity final states for evidence of physics beyond the standard model, such as black holes, string balls, and electroweak sphalerons, is presented. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb −1 collected with the CMS experiment at the LHC in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV in 2016. Standard model backgrounds, dominated by multijet production, are determined from control regions in data without any reliance on simulation. No evidence for excesses above the predicted background is observed. Model-independent 95{\%} confidence level upper limits on the cross section of beyond the standard model signals in these final states are set and further interpreted in terms of limits on semiclassical black hole, string ball, and sphaleron production. In the context of models with large extra dimensions, semiclassical black holes with minimum masses as high as 10.1 TeV and string balls with masses as high as 9.5 TeV are excluded by this search. Results of the first dedicated search for electroweak sphalerons are presented. An upper limit of 0.021 is set at 95{\%} confidence level on the fraction of all quark-quark interactions above the nominal threshold energy of 9 TeV resulting in the sphaleron transition.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].",
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author = "{The CMS collaboration} and Sirunyan, {A. M.} and A. Tumasyan and W. Adam and F. Ambrogi and E. Asilar and T. Bergauer and J. Brandstetter and M. Dragicevic and J. Er{\"o} and {Escalante Del Valle}, A. and M. Flechl and R. Fr{\"u}hwirth and Ghete, {V. M.} and J. Hrubec and M. Jeitler and N. Krammer and I. Kr{\"a}tschmer and D. Liko and T. Madlener and I. Mikulec and N. Rad and H. Rohringer and J. Schieck and R. Sch{\"o}fbeck and M. Spanring and D. Spitzbart and A. Taurok and W. Waltenberger and J. Wittmann and Wulz, {C. E.} and M. Zarucki and V. Chekhovsky and V. Mossolov and {Suarez Gonzalez}, J. and {De Wolf}, {E. A.} and {Di Croce}, D. and V. Danilov and Kim, {J. S.} and Kim, {J. S.} and Kim, {J. S.} and M. Gavrilenko and A. Zarubin and Y. Ivanov and V. Kim and V. Oreshkin and S. Vavilov and V. Popov and A. Ershov and A. Babaev and S. Baidali",
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AU - Kim, J. S.

AU - Kim, J. S.

AU - Kim, J. S.

AU - Gavrilenko, M.

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AU - Ivanov, Y.

AU - Kim, V.

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AB - A search in energetic, high-multiplicity final states for evidence of physics beyond the standard model, such as black holes, string balls, and electroweak sphalerons, is presented. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb −1 collected with the CMS experiment at the LHC in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV in 2016. Standard model backgrounds, dominated by multijet production, are determined from control regions in data without any reliance on simulation. No evidence for excesses above the predicted background is observed. Model-independent 95% confidence level upper limits on the cross section of beyond the standard model signals in these final states are set and further interpreted in terms of limits on semiclassical black hole, string ball, and sphaleron production. In the context of models with large extra dimensions, semiclassical black holes with minimum masses as high as 10.1 TeV and string balls with masses as high as 9.5 TeV are excluded by this search. Results of the first dedicated search for electroweak sphalerons are presented. An upper limit of 0.021 is set at 95% confidence level on the fraction of all quark-quark interactions above the nominal threshold energy of 9 TeV resulting in the sphaleron transition.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].

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