SDN-Based Secure and Privacy-Preserving Scheme for Vehicular Networks: A 5G Perspective

Sahil Garg, Kuljeet Kaur, Georges Kaddoum, Syed Hassan Ahmed, Dushantha Nalin K. Jayakody

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


The ever-increasing demands of vehicular networks pose significant challenges such as availability, computation complexity, security, trust, authentication, etc. This becomes even more complicated for high-speed moving vehicles. As a result, increasing the capacity of these networks has been attracting considerable awareness. In this regard, the next generation of cellular networks, 5G, is expected to be a promising solution enabling high data rates, capacity, and quality of service as well as low latency communications. However, 5G networks still face challenges in providing ubiquitous and reliable connections among high-speed vehicles. Thus, to overcome the gaps in the existing solutions, we propose a software defined network (SDN)-based consolidated framework providing end-to-end security and privacy in 5G enabled vehicular networks. The framework simplifies network management through SDN, while achieving optimized network communications. It operates in two phases: first, an elliptic curve cryptographic based authentication protocol is proposed to mutually authenticate the cluster heads and certificate authority in SDN-based vehicular setups, and, second, an intrusion detection module supported by tensor based dimensionality reduction is designed to reduce the computational complexity and identify the potential intrusions in the network. In order to assess the performance of the proposed framework, an extensive evaluation is performed on three simulators; NS3, SUMO, and SPAN. To harness the potential benefits of the proposed model, the first module, is evaluated on the basis of security features, whereas the second module is evaluated, and compared with the existing state-of-the-art models, on the basis of detection rate, false positive rate, accuracy, detection time, and communication overhead. The simulation results indicate the superiority of the proposed framework as compared to the existing models.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8718355
Pages (from-to)8421-8434
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019


  • 5G
  • Autonomous vehicles
  • elliptic curve cryptography
  • fuzzy C-means clustering
  • intelligent transportation system
  • intrusion detection
  • mutual authentication
  • software defined networking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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