Cardioprotective, inotropic, and antiarrhythmic effects of the selective agonist of κ1 opioid receptors (κ1-ORs) U-50.488H have been studied after 45-min global ischemia and 30-min reperfusion of isolated perfused rat hearts. The heart κ1-ORs were stimulated by adding 0.1 or 1 μmol/l U-50.488H to the perfusion solution. The opioid did not affect the frequency of reperfusion arrhythmias. At a concentration of 0.1 μmol/l, it induced a twofold decrease in the reperfusion release of creatine phosphokinase (CPK), which positively correlated with a decrease in the myocardial cAMP level (r = 0.89, p < 0.01). Application of U-50.488H at a final concentration of 1 μmol/l did not change the cAMP level and CPK release. These results suggest that the cardioprotective effect of U-50.488H is due to a decrease in the level of cAMP in cardiomyocytes. Activation of κ1-ORs decreased the frequency and force of myocardial contractions. It has been shown that the negative inotropic and chronotropic effects of U-50.488H are independent of changes in the myocardial cAMP level. A hypothesis is proposed that the absence of cardioprotective effect of 1μM U-50.488H is a result of activation of nonopioid receptors in cardiomyocytes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)