Removal of Cu2+, Zn2+ and Pb2+ ions using a graphene-containing nanocomposite: A kinetic study

A. Babkin, I. Burakova, A. Burakov, D. Kurnosov, E. Galunin, A. Tkachev, I. Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

In the present paper, the urgent issue of removing heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions is considered by the example of extraction of Cu2+, Zn2+ and Pb2+ ions using an innovative sorbent-polyhydroquinone/graphene nanocomposite. Kinetics of the metal sorption on this material was studied. Moreover, the effect of solution pH on the sorption capacity of the nanocomposite was estimated. Besides, to elucidate mechanisms of kinetic removal and determine process parameters, experimental data were fitted to kinetic (pseudo-first- A nd pseudo-second-order, and Elovich) and diffusion (intraparticle and Boyd) models. The kinetic experiments showed that equilibrium is reached within 60 min. The effective diffusion coefficient values calculated according to the Boyd model were found to increase in the following sequence: Pb2+ (1.26 10-13 m2 s-1) < Zn2+ (3.74 10-13m2 s-1) < Cu2+ (4.24 10-13 m2 s-1). Finally, it was established that the metal sorption process is controlled by the internal diffusion of the sorbate into the bulk (volume) of the sorbent.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012029
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume693
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event3rd International Scientific-Practical Conference on Graphene and Related Structures: Synthesis, Production, and Application, GRS-2019 - Tambov, Russian Federation
Duration: 13 Nov 201915 Nov 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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