Rapid cerebral ischemic preconditioning in mice deficient in endothelial and neuronal nitric oxide synthases

Dmitriy N. Atochin, Jeffrey Clark, Ivan T. Demchenko, Michael A. Moskowitz, Paul L. Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

101 Citations (Scopus)


Background and Purpose - The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that nitric oxide is required for preconditioning in an intact animal model of focal ischemia using neuronal and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (nNOS and eNOS) knockout mice. Methods - Cerebral blood flow was measured in wild-type, nNOS knockout, and eNOS knockout mice by hydrogen clearance (absolute) and laser Doppler flowmetry (relative). Mice were preconditioned by three 5-minute episodes of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and subjected to permanent MCAO. Neurological deficit and infarct size were determined 24 hours later. Results - Although wild-type mice showed protection from ischemic preconditioning, neither eNOS nor nNOS knockout mice showed protection. Laser Doppler measurements indicated that the relative blood flow decreases in core ischemic areas were the same in all groups. Conclusions - Neither eNOS nor nNOS knockout mice show protection from rapid ischemic preconditioning, suggesting that nitric oxide may play a role in the molecular mechanisms of protection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1299-1303
Number of pages5
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2003
Externally publishedYes



  • Cerebral ischemia
  • Ischemic preconditioning
  • Mice, knockout
  • Models, animal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Neuroscience(all)

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