The paper discusses the Russian Federation system of higher education regarding the implementation of the key aspects of the Bologna process. Some recent legislative initiatives aimed at the modernization of higher education in Russia in accordance with the main Bologna principles are also presented. The issues of Quality Assurance and, in particular, differences between state and professional accreditation are described. Most importantly, the role of the Russian Association for Engineering Education in developing the national system for professional accreditation in engineering education and its contribution to establishing a pan-European system for Quality Assurance in engineering education being created within the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) are described.
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