Purification of gasoline exhaust gases using bimetallic Pd–Rh/δ-Al 2 O 3 catalysts

Aleksey A. Vedyagin, Vladimir O. Stoyanovskii, Roman M. Kenzhin, Elena M. Slavinskaya, Pavel E. Plyusnin, Yury V. Shubin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Efficient neutralization of the exhaust gases from the automobile engines as well as development of the active and stable catalytic systems for pollution control remain actual challenge since the internal combustion engine was discovered. The present work was focused on the study of metal–metal and metal-support interactions taking place in the palladium- and rhodium-containing samples supported on delta-alumina. Catalytic performance of the catalyst was studied in three-way catalysis under both the stoichiometric and reductive conditions. Thermal stability was examined using a prompt thermal aging procedure. The samples were characterized by means of luminescence and UV–vis spectroscopies, since due to low metal loading the most of other characterization techniques was not applicable. All the samples were found to undergo deactivation during the aging procedure. However, in the case of the alloyed samples, the deactivation process is diminished due to a noticeable metal–metal interaction. The strength of this interaction increases along with decrease of palladium loading and reaches its maximum for PdRh32(alloy) system, which shows the best stability at 1000 °C. For the bimetallic system with Pd:Rh ratio of 4:1, an effect of reactivation was observed at 800 °C. After the aging at 800 °C, the sample has showed the improved catalytic activity. Then, being heated up to 1000 °C, the active metal particles were shown to undergo rapid agglomeration.

Original languageEnglish
JournalReaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

exhaust gases
gasoline
Exhaust gases
purification
Purification
Gasoline
Metals
Palladium
catalysts
Catalysts
Aging of materials
Automobile engines
Rhodium
Thermal aging
Aluminum Oxide
Pollution control
deactivation
palladium
Internal combustion engines
automobile engines

Keywords

  • Bimetallic Pd–Rh alloys
  • Luminescence spectroscopy
  • Thermal stability
  • Three-way catalysts
  • UV–vis spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Purification of gasoline exhaust gases using bimetallic Pd–Rh/δ-Al 2 O 3 catalysts. / Vedyagin, Aleksey A.; Stoyanovskii, Vladimir O.; Kenzhin, Roman M.; Slavinskaya, Elena M.; Plyusnin, Pavel E.; Shubin, Yury V.

In: Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vedyagin, Aleksey A. ; Stoyanovskii, Vladimir O. ; Kenzhin, Roman M. ; Slavinskaya, Elena M. ; Plyusnin, Pavel E. ; Shubin, Yury V. / Purification of gasoline exhaust gases using bimetallic Pd–Rh/δ-Al 2 O 3 catalysts. In: Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis. 2019.
@article{d24ddc3013fa42baac5e4977ab827b9d,
title = "Purification of gasoline exhaust gases using bimetallic Pd–Rh/δ-Al 2 O 3 catalysts",
abstract = "Efficient neutralization of the exhaust gases from the automobile engines as well as development of the active and stable catalytic systems for pollution control remain actual challenge since the internal combustion engine was discovered. The present work was focused on the study of metal–metal and metal-support interactions taking place in the palladium- and rhodium-containing samples supported on delta-alumina. Catalytic performance of the catalyst was studied in three-way catalysis under both the stoichiometric and reductive conditions. Thermal stability was examined using a prompt thermal aging procedure. The samples were characterized by means of luminescence and UV–vis spectroscopies, since due to low metal loading the most of other characterization techniques was not applicable. All the samples were found to undergo deactivation during the aging procedure. However, in the case of the alloyed samples, the deactivation process is diminished due to a noticeable metal–metal interaction. The strength of this interaction increases along with decrease of palladium loading and reaches its maximum for PdRh32(alloy) system, which shows the best stability at 1000 °C. For the bimetallic system with Pd:Rh ratio of 4:1, an effect of reactivation was observed at 800 °C. After the aging at 800 °C, the sample has showed the improved catalytic activity. Then, being heated up to 1000 °C, the active metal particles were shown to undergo rapid agglomeration.",
keywords = "Bimetallic Pd–Rh alloys, Luminescence spectroscopy, Thermal stability, Three-way catalysts, UV–vis spectroscopy",
author = "Vedyagin, {Aleksey A.} and Stoyanovskii, {Vladimir O.} and Kenzhin, {Roman M.} and Slavinskaya, {Elena M.} and Plyusnin, {Pavel E.} and Shubin, {Yury V.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11144-019-01573-1",
language = "English",
journal = "Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis",
issn = "1878-5190",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Purification of gasoline exhaust gases using bimetallic Pd–Rh/δ-Al 2 O 3 catalysts

AU - Vedyagin, Aleksey A.

AU - Stoyanovskii, Vladimir O.

AU - Kenzhin, Roman M.

AU - Slavinskaya, Elena M.

AU - Plyusnin, Pavel E.

AU - Shubin, Yury V.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Efficient neutralization of the exhaust gases from the automobile engines as well as development of the active and stable catalytic systems for pollution control remain actual challenge since the internal combustion engine was discovered. The present work was focused on the study of metal–metal and metal-support interactions taking place in the palladium- and rhodium-containing samples supported on delta-alumina. Catalytic performance of the catalyst was studied in three-way catalysis under both the stoichiometric and reductive conditions. Thermal stability was examined using a prompt thermal aging procedure. The samples were characterized by means of luminescence and UV–vis spectroscopies, since due to low metal loading the most of other characterization techniques was not applicable. All the samples were found to undergo deactivation during the aging procedure. However, in the case of the alloyed samples, the deactivation process is diminished due to a noticeable metal–metal interaction. The strength of this interaction increases along with decrease of palladium loading and reaches its maximum for PdRh32(alloy) system, which shows the best stability at 1000 °C. For the bimetallic system with Pd:Rh ratio of 4:1, an effect of reactivation was observed at 800 °C. After the aging at 800 °C, the sample has showed the improved catalytic activity. Then, being heated up to 1000 °C, the active metal particles were shown to undergo rapid agglomeration.

AB - Efficient neutralization of the exhaust gases from the automobile engines as well as development of the active and stable catalytic systems for pollution control remain actual challenge since the internal combustion engine was discovered. The present work was focused on the study of metal–metal and metal-support interactions taking place in the palladium- and rhodium-containing samples supported on delta-alumina. Catalytic performance of the catalyst was studied in three-way catalysis under both the stoichiometric and reductive conditions. Thermal stability was examined using a prompt thermal aging procedure. The samples were characterized by means of luminescence and UV–vis spectroscopies, since due to low metal loading the most of other characterization techniques was not applicable. All the samples were found to undergo deactivation during the aging procedure. However, in the case of the alloyed samples, the deactivation process is diminished due to a noticeable metal–metal interaction. The strength of this interaction increases along with decrease of palladium loading and reaches its maximum for PdRh32(alloy) system, which shows the best stability at 1000 °C. For the bimetallic system with Pd:Rh ratio of 4:1, an effect of reactivation was observed at 800 °C. After the aging at 800 °C, the sample has showed the improved catalytic activity. Then, being heated up to 1000 °C, the active metal particles were shown to undergo rapid agglomeration.

KW - Bimetallic Pd–Rh alloys

KW - Luminescence spectroscopy

KW - Thermal stability

KW - Three-way catalysts

KW - UV–vis spectroscopy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064268929&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85064268929&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s11144-019-01573-1

DO - 10.1007/s11144-019-01573-1

M3 - Article

JO - Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis

JF - Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis

SN - 1878-5190

ER -