Pulsed corona discharge for improving treatability of coking wastewater

Ming Liu, Sergei Preis, Iakov Kornev, Yun Hu, Chao Hai Wei

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9 Citations (Scopus)


Coking wastewater (CW) contains toxic and macromolecular substances that inhibit biological treatment. The refractory compounds remaining in biologically treated coking wastewater (BTCW) provide chemical oxygen demand (COD) and color levels that make it unacceptable for reuse or disposal. Gas-phase pulsed corona discharge (PCD) utilizing mostly hydroxyl radicals and ozone as oxidants was applied to both raw coking wastewater (RCW) and BTCW wastewater as a supplemental treatment. The energy efficiency of COD, phenol, thiocyanate and cyanide degradation by PCD was the subject of the research. The cost-effective removal of intermediate oxidation products with addition of lime was also studied. The energy efficiency of oxidation was inversely proportional to the pulse repetition frequency: lower frequency allows more effective utilization of ozone at longer treatment times. Oxidative treatment of RCW showed the removal of phenol and thiocyanate at 800 pulses per second from 611 to 227 mg/L and from 348 to 86 mg/L, respectively, at 42 kWh/m3 delivered energy, with substantial improvement in the BOD5/COD ratio (from 0.14 to 0.43). The COD and color of BTCW were removed by 30% and 93%, respectively, at 20 kWh/m3, showing energy efficiency for the PCD treatment exceeding that of conventional ozonation by a factor of 3–4. Application of lime appeared to be an effective supplement to the PCD treatment of RCW, degrading COD by about 28% at an energy input of 28 kWh/m3 and the lime dose of 3.0 kg/m3. The improvement of RCW treatability is attributed to the degradation of toxic substances and fragmentation of macromolecular compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-316
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018


  • Coking wastewater
  • Liming
  • Low-temperature plasma
  • Oxidation
  • Ozone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

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