Prospects of additive manufacturing of rare-earth and non-rare-earth permanent magnets

Vladimir Popov, Andrey Koptyug, Iliya Radulov, Fernando Maccari, Gary Muller

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Additive manufacturing (AM) or 3D-printing started as a prototyping technique in plastic has succeeded in metals for life safety applications as airspace and medical implants production. Today having advantages in fabricating products of desired shape, geometry, lightweight structures and required mechanical properties, 3D-printing faces a new challenge - AM of permanent magnets (PM). 3D-printing significantly simplifies manufacturing of net-shape bonded magnets, simplifies the new phase magnets prototyping, and also enables efficient use of rare earth (RE) elements [1]. The major development nowadays is performed by AM of bonded Nd-Fe-B using different binders/polymers [1, 2]. 3D printing technologies of non-RE magnets are not so widely represented [3]. The AM of RE-free PM, such as Al-Ni-Co [4] and MnAl(C) [5], is also developed, because of their great benefit of being non-RE, presenting advantages of AM technology and sufficient magnetic properties. This work presents the state-of-the-art of 3D-printing of PM, including RE and RE-free, bonded and non-bonded magnets. Prospects of electron beam melting (EBM) of non-rare-earth MnAl(C) are shown.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-108
Number of pages9
JournalProcedia Manufacturing
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event15th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing, GCSM 2017 - Haifa, Israel
Duration: 25 Sep 201727 Sep 2017


  • 3D-Printing
  • addititve manufacturing
  • permanent magnets
  • rare-earth magnets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence

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