Properties and Phase Behavior of Water-in-Diesel Microemulsion Fuels Stabilized by Nonionic Surfactants in Combination with Aliphatic Alcohol

Alexander Ashikhmin, Maxim Piskunov, Vyacheslav Yanovsky, Wei Mon Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We investigate the properties and phase behavior of the water-diesel fuel-Neonol AF 9-6/2-ethylhexanol system, which is regarded as a promising microemulsion fuel. A pseudoternary diagram of the system has been obtained. In the diesel fuel/water (DF/W) ratio ranging from 98:2 to 50:50 and the emulsifier concentration of 8-40 vol %, a region of microemulsions has been distinguished, generating particular interest as an alternative fuel. In the region under study, a reverse micellar phase L2 has existed predominantly. Fish-cut diagrams have been obtained for the DF/W ratios in the emulsifier concentration-temperature coordinates. An increase in the water fraction in microemulsions significantly has narrowed the range of their stability. The critical changes of microemulsion properties have been identified using the fish-cut diagrams. We have established the empirical relationship among the phase inversion temperature, the emulsifier concentration in the phase inversion point, and the water fraction in microemulsions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2135-2142
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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