Progress in plasma focus research at the Kurchatov Institute

Vyacheslav Krauz, Victor Myalton, Valentin Vinogradov, Evgeny Velikhov, Sergej Ananyev, Yulia Vinogradova, Sergej Dan'Ko, Yury Kalinin, Gennady Kanaev, Konstantin Mitrofanov, Aleksandr Mokeev, Alexander VLadimirovich Nashilevskiy, Valerii Nikulin, Aleksandr Pastukhov, Gennady Remnev, Ayrat Kharrasov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents new results from studies of plasma focus (PF) systems at the Kurchatov Institute (Moscow, Russia). High efficiency of the discharge current transport into the axial region of the system was demonstrated at the PF-3 PF facility, where the experiments on implosion of wire arrays by the current carrying plasma sheath of the PF discharge were performed. The efficiency of the sheath current switching over to the wire array and penetration of the plasma with the magnetic field inside the wire array was studied. The emission parameters of the new small-sized PF facility with Wmax = 600 J were studied. When operating at frequencies of up to 10 Hz, neutron fluxes of about ∼ 10 8 neutrons s -1 were obtained. The first results in the new field of research associated with the use of the PF facilities in the laboratory simulations of astrophysical processes, such as astrophysics jets, are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhysica Scripta
PublisherInstitute of Physics Publishing
VolumeT161
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventInternational Conference on Research and Applications of Plasmas, PLASMA 2013 - Warsaw, Poland
Duration: 2 Sep 20136 Sep 2013

Other

OtherInternational Conference on Research and Applications of Plasmas, PLASMA 2013
CountryPoland
CityWarsaw
Period2.9.136.9.13

Fingerprint

plasma focus
wire
astrophysics
Moscow
plasma sheaths
implosions
Russian Federation
flux (rate)
sheaths
penetration
neutrons
magnetic fields
simulation

Keywords

  • laboratory simulation of astrophysical jets
  • pinch
  • plasma dynamics
  • plasma focus
  • pulse neutron source
  • wire array compression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Krauz, V., Myalton, V., Vinogradov, V., Velikhov, E., Ananyev, S., Vinogradova, Y., ... Kharrasov, A. (2014). Progress in plasma focus research at the Kurchatov Institute. In Physica Scripta (Vol. T161). [014036] Institute of Physics Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-8949/2014/T161/014036

Progress in plasma focus research at the Kurchatov Institute. / Krauz, Vyacheslav; Myalton, Victor; Vinogradov, Valentin; Velikhov, Evgeny; Ananyev, Sergej; Vinogradova, Yulia; Dan'Ko, Sergej; Kalinin, Yury; Kanaev, Gennady; Mitrofanov, Konstantin; Mokeev, Aleksandr; Nashilevskiy, Alexander VLadimirovich; Nikulin, Valerii; Pastukhov, Aleksandr; Remnev, Gennady; Kharrasov, Ayrat.

Physica Scripta. Vol. T161 Institute of Physics Publishing, 2014. 014036.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Krauz, V, Myalton, V, Vinogradov, V, Velikhov, E, Ananyev, S, Vinogradova, Y, Dan'Ko, S, Kalinin, Y, Kanaev, G, Mitrofanov, K, Mokeev, A, Nashilevskiy, AVL, Nikulin, V, Pastukhov, A, Remnev, G & Kharrasov, A 2014, Progress in plasma focus research at the Kurchatov Institute. in Physica Scripta. vol. T161, 014036, Institute of Physics Publishing, International Conference on Research and Applications of Plasmas, PLASMA 2013, Warsaw, Poland, 2.9.13. https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-8949/2014/T161/014036
Krauz V, Myalton V, Vinogradov V, Velikhov E, Ananyev S, Vinogradova Y et al. Progress in plasma focus research at the Kurchatov Institute. In Physica Scripta. Vol. T161. Institute of Physics Publishing. 2014. 014036 https://doi.org/10.1088/0031-8949/2014/T161/014036
Krauz, Vyacheslav ; Myalton, Victor ; Vinogradov, Valentin ; Velikhov, Evgeny ; Ananyev, Sergej ; Vinogradova, Yulia ; Dan'Ko, Sergej ; Kalinin, Yury ; Kanaev, Gennady ; Mitrofanov, Konstantin ; Mokeev, Aleksandr ; Nashilevskiy, Alexander VLadimirovich ; Nikulin, Valerii ; Pastukhov, Aleksandr ; Remnev, Gennady ; Kharrasov, Ayrat. / Progress in plasma focus research at the Kurchatov Institute. Physica Scripta. Vol. T161 Institute of Physics Publishing, 2014.
@inproceedings{103f91db2a1f4c8cbae0186b24035897,
title = "Progress in plasma focus research at the Kurchatov Institute",
abstract = "This paper presents new results from studies of plasma focus (PF) systems at the Kurchatov Institute (Moscow, Russia). High efficiency of the discharge current transport into the axial region of the system was demonstrated at the PF-3 PF facility, where the experiments on implosion of wire arrays by the current carrying plasma sheath of the PF discharge were performed. The efficiency of the sheath current switching over to the wire array and penetration of the plasma with the magnetic field inside the wire array was studied. The emission parameters of the new small-sized PF facility with Wmax = 600 J were studied. When operating at frequencies of up to 10 Hz, neutron fluxes of about ∼ 10 8 neutrons s -1 were obtained. The first results in the new field of research associated with the use of the PF facilities in the laboratory simulations of astrophysical processes, such as astrophysics jets, are presented.",
keywords = "laboratory simulation of astrophysical jets, pinch, plasma dynamics, plasma focus, pulse neutron source, wire array compression",
author = "Vyacheslav Krauz and Victor Myalton and Valentin Vinogradov and Evgeny Velikhov and Sergej Ananyev and Yulia Vinogradova and Sergej Dan'Ko and Yury Kalinin and Gennady Kanaev and Konstantin Mitrofanov and Aleksandr Mokeev and Alexander VLadimirovich Nashilevskiy and Valerii Nikulin and Aleksandr Pastukhov and Gennady Remnev and Ayrat Kharrasov",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1088/0031-8949/2014/T161/014036",
language = "English",
volume = "T161",
booktitle = "Physica Scripta",
publisher = "Institute of Physics Publishing",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Progress in plasma focus research at the Kurchatov Institute

AU - Krauz, Vyacheslav

AU - Myalton, Victor

AU - Vinogradov, Valentin

AU - Velikhov, Evgeny

AU - Ananyev, Sergej

AU - Vinogradova, Yulia

AU - Dan'Ko, Sergej

AU - Kalinin, Yury

AU - Kanaev, Gennady

AU - Mitrofanov, Konstantin

AU - Mokeev, Aleksandr

AU - Nashilevskiy, Alexander VLadimirovich

AU - Nikulin, Valerii

AU - Pastukhov, Aleksandr

AU - Remnev, Gennady

AU - Kharrasov, Ayrat

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - This paper presents new results from studies of plasma focus (PF) systems at the Kurchatov Institute (Moscow, Russia). High efficiency of the discharge current transport into the axial region of the system was demonstrated at the PF-3 PF facility, where the experiments on implosion of wire arrays by the current carrying plasma sheath of the PF discharge were performed. The efficiency of the sheath current switching over to the wire array and penetration of the plasma with the magnetic field inside the wire array was studied. The emission parameters of the new small-sized PF facility with Wmax = 600 J were studied. When operating at frequencies of up to 10 Hz, neutron fluxes of about ∼ 10 8 neutrons s -1 were obtained. The first results in the new field of research associated with the use of the PF facilities in the laboratory simulations of astrophysical processes, such as astrophysics jets, are presented.

AB - This paper presents new results from studies of plasma focus (PF) systems at the Kurchatov Institute (Moscow, Russia). High efficiency of the discharge current transport into the axial region of the system was demonstrated at the PF-3 PF facility, where the experiments on implosion of wire arrays by the current carrying plasma sheath of the PF discharge were performed. The efficiency of the sheath current switching over to the wire array and penetration of the plasma with the magnetic field inside the wire array was studied. The emission parameters of the new small-sized PF facility with Wmax = 600 J were studied. When operating at frequencies of up to 10 Hz, neutron fluxes of about ∼ 10 8 neutrons s -1 were obtained. The first results in the new field of research associated with the use of the PF facilities in the laboratory simulations of astrophysical processes, such as astrophysics jets, are presented.

KW - laboratory simulation of astrophysical jets

KW - pinch

KW - plasma dynamics

KW - plasma focus

KW - pulse neutron source

KW - wire array compression

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84901498894&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84901498894&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/0031-8949/2014/T161/014036

DO - 10.1088/0031-8949/2014/T161/014036

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84901498894

VL - T161

BT - Physica Scripta

PB - Institute of Physics Publishing

ER -