High-energy deuterons by electron-beam excitation of deuterium-saturated palladium were produced. The results show that atomic deuterium exhibits an extremely high mobility in metals, which is approximately 10-15 orders of magnitude higher than the mobility of heavy impurities at the same temperatures. The displacement of deuterium from localization sites becomes thermally nonequilibrium and is stimulated by the energy of long-lived nonequilibrium vibrational excitations in the hydrogen subsystem of crystal. The increase in the concentration of deuterons as centers of absorption and scattering of plasmon energy is accompanied by an increase in the deuteron energy. When the surface of palladium saturated with deuterium and hydrogen is oxidized, no transition of deuterium and hydrogen to unsaturated palladium is observed either in the absence of current or during the passage of current of any directivity via PdD-Pd contact.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics