Production of activated carbon by pyrolysis of rice husk of Vietnam

V. V. Korobochkin, Nguyen Manh Hieu, N. V. Usoltseva, Nguyen Van Tu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Relevance of the work is caused by the need to utilize a large amount of husk formed at rice processing. The aim of the research is to determine the composition and structural characteristics of the solid carbon materials obtained by heat treatment of husk of rice grown in the Red River Delta (Republic of Vietnam). Methods: method of heat differential scanning calorimetry using a simultaneous thermal analyzer STA 449F3 Jupiter (Netzsch, Germa-ny) combined with mass spectrometer QMS 403C Aëolos (Netzsch, Germany); electron microscopy (JEOL USA JCM-6000); ZAF method standardless quantitative analysis to determine the elemental composition; isotherm of thermal nitrogen desorption by using NOVA Sta-Tion A device in accordance with the BET method and according to GOST 6217-74 to determine the porous structure characteristics (spe-cific surface area - S, total pore volume - V, pore diameter - d). Results. Calcination of raw material at the temperature of 600 °C results in significant decrease in oxygen content from 42,82 to 26,17 wt.%, increase in silicon content from 7,00 to 25,00 wt. %; the C-H ratio increases to 30 expectedly. Elemental composition and parameters of porous structure of rice husk, carbonizate, material after separation of SiO2 and activated carbon were investigated. Ac-Tivation of the resulting material containing 10 wt. % of potassium carbonate at 900 °C let obtain the activated carbon with specific sur-face area of 1329 m2-g and adsorption capacity of 0.811 cm3-g. Contribution of micropore surface to the specific surface area increas-es up to 60 % as a result of the carried out operations. The calculated C-H ratio reaches 84.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-15
Number of pages10
JournalBulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University, Geo Assets Engineering
Volume328
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Carbonizate activation
  • Elemental composition
  • Porous structure
  • Rice husk pyrolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Economic Geology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Production of activated carbon by pyrolysis of rice husk of Vietnam'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this