Printed antennas with variable conductive ink layer thickness

J. Sidén, M. K. Fein, A. Koptyug, H. E. Nilsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)


One of the complex tasks in mass production of RF electronics is printing the communication antenna using electrically conductive ink. For example, this is very common for radio- frequency identification (RFID) tags. Electrical properties of the ink are mostly determined by conductive (e.g. silver) particles mixed into the ink solution and the way they 'connect' in the cured ink. It is also desirable to minimise the amount of ink used per antenna, because high-conducting metals like silver used in the ink are rather expensive. Metal-based inks have limited conductivity, so the thicker the cured ink layer will be the better the antenna radiation efficiency can be achieved, but also the higher will be the costs. In the paper, the authors report on the investigations of the possibility of minimising the amount of ink used per antenna. This can be achieved by printing thicker ink layers, where antenna structures are known to have high current density. Two common antenna structures and a dedicated antenna for passive RFID are used in the investigation. The main result of the paper is that radiation efficiency depends primarily on the total amount of ink used for printing the antenna, rather than on the variations of the layer thickness within the antenna structure.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberIMAPCH000001000002000401000001
Pages (from-to)401-407
Number of pages7
JournalIET Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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