Preparation of pineapple waste-derived porous carbons with enhanced CO 2 capture performance by hydrothermal carbonation-alkali metal oxalates assisted thermal activation process

Mengyuan Zhu, Weiquan Cai, Francis Verpoort, Jiabin Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The pineapple waste-derived porous carbons with enhanced CO 2 adsorption performance were successfully prepared by a facile hydrothermal carbonation and followed thermal activation using facile alkali metal oxalates instead of KOH or K 2 CO 3 for chemical activation. Compared with macroporous-mesoporous carbons activated by Li 2 C 2 O 4 and Na 2 C 2 O 4 , the microporous carbon activated by K 2 C 2 O 4 at 700 °C with a relatively high specific surface area of 1076.3 m 2 g −1 and big pore volume of 0.92 cm 3 g -1 for narrow micropores (<1 nm)for narrow micropores (<1 nm) shows the highest adsorption capacities of 5.32 mmol g -1 at 0 °C, and 4.25 mmol g -1 at 25 °C under 1 bar, respectively. Furthermore, all the samples show high selectivities from 18.24 to 38.42 for CO 2 /N 2 separation, stable cyclic capability with adsorption loss of 12.6–17.8% after twelve cycles at 25 °C and reasonable isosteric heat of CO 2 adsorption. Especially, the microporous carbon activated by facile K 2 C 2 O 4 at 700 °C shows speedy adsorption dynamics and excellent dynamic adsorption performance for simulated flue gas based on its breakthrough curve. In combination with the low-cost carbon source, the above advantages make the pineapple waste-derived porous carbons exceptionally potential sorbent to capture and separate CO 2 under real conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-140
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Engineering Research and Design
Volume146
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Alkali Metals
Carbonation
Oxalates
Alkali metals
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon
Chemical activation
Adsorption
Activated carbon
Sorbents
Flue gases
Specific surface area
Hot Temperature
Costs

Keywords

  • Alkali metal oxalates
  • CO adsorption
  • K C O activation
  • Pineapple waste
  • Porous carbon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Preparation of pineapple waste-derived porous carbons with enhanced CO 2 capture performance by hydrothermal carbonation-alkali metal oxalates assisted thermal activation process",
abstract = "The pineapple waste-derived porous carbons with enhanced CO 2 adsorption performance were successfully prepared by a facile hydrothermal carbonation and followed thermal activation using facile alkali metal oxalates instead of KOH or K 2 CO 3 for chemical activation. Compared with macroporous-mesoporous carbons activated by Li 2 C 2 O 4 and Na 2 C 2 O 4 , the microporous carbon activated by K 2 C 2 O 4 at 700 °C with a relatively high specific surface area of 1076.3 m 2 g −1 and big pore volume of 0.92 cm 3 g -1 for narrow micropores (<1 nm)for narrow micropores (<1 nm) shows the highest adsorption capacities of 5.32 mmol g -1 at 0 °C, and 4.25 mmol g -1 at 25 °C under 1 bar, respectively. Furthermore, all the samples show high selectivities from 18.24 to 38.42 for CO 2 /N 2 separation, stable cyclic capability with adsorption loss of 12.6–17.8{\%} after twelve cycles at 25 °C and reasonable isosteric heat of CO 2 adsorption. Especially, the microporous carbon activated by facile K 2 C 2 O 4 at 700 °C shows speedy adsorption dynamics and excellent dynamic adsorption performance for simulated flue gas based on its breakthrough curve. In combination with the low-cost carbon source, the above advantages make the pineapple waste-derived porous carbons exceptionally potential sorbent to capture and separate CO 2 under real conditions.",
keywords = "Alkali metal oxalates, CO adsorption, K C O activation, Pineapple waste, Porous carbon",
author = "Mengyuan Zhu and Weiquan Cai and Francis Verpoort and Jiabin Zhou",
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T1 - Preparation of pineapple waste-derived porous carbons with enhanced CO 2 capture performance by hydrothermal carbonation-alkali metal oxalates assisted thermal activation process

AU - Zhu, Mengyuan

AU - Cai, Weiquan

AU - Verpoort, Francis

AU - Zhou, Jiabin

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - The pineapple waste-derived porous carbons with enhanced CO 2 adsorption performance were successfully prepared by a facile hydrothermal carbonation and followed thermal activation using facile alkali metal oxalates instead of KOH or K 2 CO 3 for chemical activation. Compared with macroporous-mesoporous carbons activated by Li 2 C 2 O 4 and Na 2 C 2 O 4 , the microporous carbon activated by K 2 C 2 O 4 at 700 °C with a relatively high specific surface area of 1076.3 m 2 g −1 and big pore volume of 0.92 cm 3 g -1 for narrow micropores (<1 nm)for narrow micropores (<1 nm) shows the highest adsorption capacities of 5.32 mmol g -1 at 0 °C, and 4.25 mmol g -1 at 25 °C under 1 bar, respectively. Furthermore, all the samples show high selectivities from 18.24 to 38.42 for CO 2 /N 2 separation, stable cyclic capability with adsorption loss of 12.6–17.8% after twelve cycles at 25 °C and reasonable isosteric heat of CO 2 adsorption. Especially, the microporous carbon activated by facile K 2 C 2 O 4 at 700 °C shows speedy adsorption dynamics and excellent dynamic adsorption performance for simulated flue gas based on its breakthrough curve. In combination with the low-cost carbon source, the above advantages make the pineapple waste-derived porous carbons exceptionally potential sorbent to capture and separate CO 2 under real conditions.

AB - The pineapple waste-derived porous carbons with enhanced CO 2 adsorption performance were successfully prepared by a facile hydrothermal carbonation and followed thermal activation using facile alkali metal oxalates instead of KOH or K 2 CO 3 for chemical activation. Compared with macroporous-mesoporous carbons activated by Li 2 C 2 O 4 and Na 2 C 2 O 4 , the microporous carbon activated by K 2 C 2 O 4 at 700 °C with a relatively high specific surface area of 1076.3 m 2 g −1 and big pore volume of 0.92 cm 3 g -1 for narrow micropores (<1 nm)for narrow micropores (<1 nm) shows the highest adsorption capacities of 5.32 mmol g -1 at 0 °C, and 4.25 mmol g -1 at 25 °C under 1 bar, respectively. Furthermore, all the samples show high selectivities from 18.24 to 38.42 for CO 2 /N 2 separation, stable cyclic capability with adsorption loss of 12.6–17.8% after twelve cycles at 25 °C and reasonable isosteric heat of CO 2 adsorption. Especially, the microporous carbon activated by facile K 2 C 2 O 4 at 700 °C shows speedy adsorption dynamics and excellent dynamic adsorption performance for simulated flue gas based on its breakthrough curve. In combination with the low-cost carbon source, the above advantages make the pineapple waste-derived porous carbons exceptionally potential sorbent to capture and separate CO 2 under real conditions.

KW - Alkali metal oxalates

KW - CO adsorption

KW - K C O activation

KW - Pineapple waste

KW - Porous carbon

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