Pre-wave zone effect in transition and diffraction radiation: Problems and solutions

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32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transition radiation (TR) and diffraction radiation (DR) appearing as a result of dynamic polarization of medium has widely been used for electron beam diagnostics during the last few years. A lot of techniques for electron beam diagnostics imply description of these phenomena assuming that the radiated area of the target is negligibly small in comparison with the radiation spot in the detector plane (far-field approximation). However, for high-energy electrons this area may reach a macroscopic dimension. In this Letter the general theory in the pre-wave zone is presented. Two new approaches for rejecting the pre-wave zone effect are described and analyzed. By installing a thin lens in the optical path of the measurement system or by developing a concave target, the pre-wave zone effect can be reduced or even rejected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428-438
Number of pages11
JournalPhysics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics
Volume345
Issue number4-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Oct 2005
Externally publishedYes

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diffraction radiation
radiation
electron beams
optical paths
high energy electrons
installing
far fields
lenses
detectors
polarization
approximation

Keywords

  • Diffraction radiation
  • Far-field approximation
  • Pre-wave zone effect
  • Transition radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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AB - Transition radiation (TR) and diffraction radiation (DR) appearing as a result of dynamic polarization of medium has widely been used for electron beam diagnostics during the last few years. A lot of techniques for electron beam diagnostics imply description of these phenomena assuming that the radiated area of the target is negligibly small in comparison with the radiation spot in the detector plane (far-field approximation). However, for high-energy electrons this area may reach a macroscopic dimension. In this Letter the general theory in the pre-wave zone is presented. Two new approaches for rejecting the pre-wave zone effect are described and analyzed. By installing a thin lens in the optical path of the measurement system or by developing a concave target, the pre-wave zone effect can be reduced or even rejected.

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