Possibilities of direct production of superheavy nuclei with Z=112–118 in different evaporation channels

J. Hong, G. G. Adamian, N. V. Antonenko, P. Jachimowicz, M. Kowal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The production cross sections of heaviest isotopes of superheavy nuclei with charge numbers 112–118 are predicted in the xn–, pxn–, and αxn–evaporation channels of the 48Ca-induced complete fusion reactions for future experiments. The estimates of synthesis capabilities are based on a uniform and consistent set of input nuclear data. Nuclear masses, deformations, shell corrections, fission barriers and decay energies are calculated within the macroscopic-microscopic approach for even-even, odd-Z and odd-N nuclei. For odd systems the blocking procedure is used. To find saddle points, the Imaginary Water Flow technique is used and non-axiallity is taken into account. As shown, our calculations, based on a new set of mass and barriers, agree very well with the experimentally known cross-sections, especially in the 3n–evaporation channel. The dependencies of these predictions on the mass/fission barriers tables, the ratio af/a, and fusion models are discussed. A way is shown to produce directly unknown superheavy isotopes in the 1n– or 2n–evaporation channels. The synthesis of new superheavy isotopes unattainable in reactions with emission of neutrons is proposed in the promising channels with emission of protons (σpxn≃10−200 fb) and alphas (σαxn≃50−500 fb).

Original languageEnglish
Article number135760
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume809
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Complete fusion reactions
  • Production of new isotopes
  • Superheavy nuclei
  • xn–, pxn–, and αxn–evaporation channels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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