Poly(lactic acid)-based polymer composites with high electric and thermal conductivity and their characterization

S. M. Lebedev, O. S. Gefle, E. T. Amitov, D. Yu Berchuk, D. V. Zhuravlev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrically and thermally conductive polymer composites on the basis of biodegradable poly(lactic acid) (PLA) were developed and studied in this work. Pristine single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and powder of natural graphite (G) were used as fillers in polymer composites. PLA-based composites were prepared by melt-compounding method. The volume resistivity of PLA/CNT composites can be changed by more than ten orders of magnitude compared to that for neat PLA. The thermal conductivity of PLA/G composites can be changed from 0.193 W⋅m−1⋅K−1 (neat PLA) up to 2.73 W⋅m−1⋅K−1. Loading small quantity of CNTs into PLA/G composites increases the thermal conductivity not less than by 40% of magnitude. Besides, all developed PLA-based composites are suitable for processing by injection molding, extrusion or additive manufacturing technology (3D printing).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-248
Number of pages8
JournalPolymer Testing
Volume58
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017

Fingerprint

Lactic acid
Thermal conductivity
Polymers
Composite materials
Carbon Nanotubes
Carbon nanotubes
3D printers
Graphite
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCN)
poly(lactic acid)
Injection molding
Powders
Extrusion
Fillers
Printing
Processing

Keywords

  • Dielectric spectroscopy
  • Electrically and thermally conductive polymer composites
  • Melt flow index
  • Poly(lactic acid)
  • Thermal conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Poly(lactic acid)-based polymer composites with high electric and thermal conductivity and their characterization. / Lebedev, S. M.; Gefle, O. S.; Amitov, E. T.; Berchuk, D. Yu; Zhuravlev, D. V.

In: Polymer Testing, Vol. 58, 01.04.2017, p. 241-248.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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