Plasma-cathode electron source based on a low-pressure arc discharge in the mode of the emission current enhancement

T. V. Koval, V. N. Devyatkov, B. H. Nguyen, V. V. Uglov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the electron beam source based on a plasma cathode with a grid-stabilized plasma emission boundary, the anode plasma significantly affects the limited parameters of the source and widely determines the main characteristics of the source. This paper describes a theoretical and experimental investigation of the discharge plasma generation and the significant increasing mode of the electron emission current in the plasma electron source based on a low-pressure arc discharge. The source works at a pressure of 0.02–0.05 Pa, an accelerating voltage of 10 kV, and a longitudinal magnetic field of 0.1 T. According to experiment and theory, plasma potential depends on the electric field that penetrates from the accelerating gap of anode plasma through the grid meshes, on the discharge current, gas pressure, grid geometric transparency, and on the gas type. It is shown that the basic mechanisms corresponding to the discharge current enhancement and emission current are associated with the secondary ion-electron emission of electrons in the plasma cathode and transport channel on the grid electrode, the presence of positive feedback between the plasma cathode generation area and electron beam transport channel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-27
Number of pages9
JournalHigh Temperature Material Processes
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Electron sources
electron sources
arc discharges
Cathodes
low pressure
cathodes
Plasmas
augmentation
grids
Electron emission
electron emission
Semiconductor insulator boundaries
anodes
Electron beams
Plasma theory
Anodes
electron beams
Gases
positive feedback
plasma generators

Keywords

  • Electron beam
  • Emission current enhancement
  • Plasma electron source

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Plasma-cathode electron source based on a low-pressure arc discharge in the mode of the emission current enhancement. / Koval, T. V.; Devyatkov, V. N.; Nguyen, B. H.; Uglov, V. V.

In: High Temperature Material Processes, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2015, p. 19-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Devyatkov, V. N.

AU - Nguyen, B. H.

AU - Uglov, V. V.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

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AB - In the electron beam source based on a plasma cathode with a grid-stabilized plasma emission boundary, the anode plasma significantly affects the limited parameters of the source and widely determines the main characteristics of the source. This paper describes a theoretical and experimental investigation of the discharge plasma generation and the significant increasing mode of the electron emission current in the plasma electron source based on a low-pressure arc discharge. The source works at a pressure of 0.02–0.05 Pa, an accelerating voltage of 10 kV, and a longitudinal magnetic field of 0.1 T. According to experiment and theory, plasma potential depends on the electric field that penetrates from the accelerating gap of anode plasma through the grid meshes, on the discharge current, gas pressure, grid geometric transparency, and on the gas type. It is shown that the basic mechanisms corresponding to the discharge current enhancement and emission current are associated with the secondary ion-electron emission of electrons in the plasma cathode and transport channel on the grid electrode, the presence of positive feedback between the plasma cathode generation area and electron beam transport channel.

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