Physico-chemical features of the synthesis of mullite in mixtures of quartz-pyrophyllite rock with a fluoride-forming component

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

It is established that the use of an ammonium fluoride treatment on quartz-pyrophyllite rock (45% pyrophyllite and 53% quartz) at 650°C changes the traditional mechanism by which mullite is synthesized; it is formed not from metapyrophyllite but from fluoridated pyrophyllite, with the formation of aluminum trifluoride and topaz being intermediate stages of the synthesis process. The optimum ratio of quartzpyrophyllite rock to ammonium hydrodifluoride is 1:1.6, which at 1300°C increases the yield of acicular mullite (with particles 20 - 30 μm long and 3 - 5 μm in cross section) from 12 to 68 wt.%. The content of residual quartz in the mullite is no greater than 15 - 18 wt.%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-136
Number of pages6
JournalRefractories and Industrial Ceramics
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Quartz
Mullite
Fluorides
Rocks
Topaz
Aluminum
Ammonium Compounds
aluminosilicate

Keywords

  • ammonium hydrodifluoride
  • corundum
  • fluoridation
  • heat treatment
  • mullite
  • phase formation
  • pyrophyllite
  • synthesis
  • topaz

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Physico-chemical features of the synthesis of mullite in mixtures of quartz-pyrophyllite rock with a fluoride-forming component",
abstract = "It is established that the use of an ammonium fluoride treatment on quartz-pyrophyllite rock (45{\%} pyrophyllite and 53{\%} quartz) at 650°C changes the traditional mechanism by which mullite is synthesized; it is formed not from metapyrophyllite but from fluoridated pyrophyllite, with the formation of aluminum trifluoride and topaz being intermediate stages of the synthesis process. The optimum ratio of quartzpyrophyllite rock to ammonium hydrodifluoride is 1:1.6, which at 1300°C increases the yield of acicular mullite (with particles 20 - 30 μm long and 3 - 5 μm in cross section) from 12 to 68 wt.{\%}. The content of residual quartz in the mullite is no greater than 15 - 18 wt.{\%}.",
keywords = "ammonium hydrodifluoride, corundum, fluoridation, heat treatment, mullite, phase formation, pyrophyllite, synthesis, topaz",
author = "Vakalova, {T. V.} and Kravchenko, {V. V.} and Gorbatenko, {V. V.}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1007/s11148-014-9675-2",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "131--136",
journal = "Refractories and Industrial Ceramics",
issn = "1083-4877",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "2",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Physico-chemical features of the synthesis of mullite in mixtures of quartz-pyrophyllite rock with a fluoride-forming component

AU - Vakalova, T. V.

AU - Kravchenko, V. V.

AU - Gorbatenko, V. V.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - It is established that the use of an ammonium fluoride treatment on quartz-pyrophyllite rock (45% pyrophyllite and 53% quartz) at 650°C changes the traditional mechanism by which mullite is synthesized; it is formed not from metapyrophyllite but from fluoridated pyrophyllite, with the formation of aluminum trifluoride and topaz being intermediate stages of the synthesis process. The optimum ratio of quartzpyrophyllite rock to ammonium hydrodifluoride is 1:1.6, which at 1300°C increases the yield of acicular mullite (with particles 20 - 30 μm long and 3 - 5 μm in cross section) from 12 to 68 wt.%. The content of residual quartz in the mullite is no greater than 15 - 18 wt.%.

AB - It is established that the use of an ammonium fluoride treatment on quartz-pyrophyllite rock (45% pyrophyllite and 53% quartz) at 650°C changes the traditional mechanism by which mullite is synthesized; it is formed not from metapyrophyllite but from fluoridated pyrophyllite, with the formation of aluminum trifluoride and topaz being intermediate stages of the synthesis process. The optimum ratio of quartzpyrophyllite rock to ammonium hydrodifluoride is 1:1.6, which at 1300°C increases the yield of acicular mullite (with particles 20 - 30 μm long and 3 - 5 μm in cross section) from 12 to 68 wt.%. The content of residual quartz in the mullite is no greater than 15 - 18 wt.%.

KW - ammonium hydrodifluoride

KW - corundum

KW - fluoridation

KW - heat treatment

KW - mullite

KW - phase formation

KW - pyrophyllite

KW - synthesis

KW - topaz

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