The paper is focused on the differentiation of pensions and income of the elderly at the local level (rayons of the Tomsk region). We used the federal and regional statistics data and panel data of the older generation in the Tomsk region and applied methods of statistical analysis, including variance analysis and regressions. The research revealed a statistically significant difference in pension provision between rayons (77%) which is much higher than between regions. Regression analysis showed a strong statistically significant correlation between the level of wages and pensions size in rayons of Tomsk region. The study of retirement income based on the panel data of Tomsk region reveals a statistically significant difference in average income level by territory. In particular, a significantly higher amount of retirement payments was found in the territories where large industrial production was located. At the same time, the analysis of income and pensions on rayons' level does not bring to light urban/rural differences, which are observed at the level of Russia. We suspect that differences for cities and villages in Tomsk region are more complex and such factors as salary level, mining of oil and gas, northern regional coefficient and wage rise for arduous working conditions might be helpful in explanation of these discrepancies. The results of our study may be used to improve public care and social support for pensioners at the local level analysis in Russia.