Parameters of Aluminum Nanopowders Activity after Long-Term Storage in an Airtight Container

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Abstract

The work has established the change in the activity parameters of aluminum nanopowders produced by electric explosion of a wire during their storage in an airtight container. The change in the characteristics of the nanopowders using four activity parameters was measured by benchmarking their activity after the production, passivation and keeping for 10–20 days and after their storage for 16 years. It was also established that after long-term storage, the temperature of oxidation initiation for the nanopowders in air has increased; the increment of mass during oxidation at up to 800 °C for all specimens has increased, while the content of metallic aluminum has decreased. The electrical double layer on the surface of aluminum nanoparticles during storing even in an airtight container changes with time and does not provide the protective function. In this connection, the future application of aluminum nanopowders in high-energy materials is not feasible without solving the problem of their stability. According to the results, electric-explosion aluminum nanopowder is an unstable aluminum-air system even in an airtight container.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)749-753
Number of pages5
JournalPropellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics
Volume43
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

Fingerprint

Aluminum
Containers
Explosions
Oxidation
Benchmarking
Air
Passivation
Wire
Nanoparticles
Temperature

Keywords

  • airtight container
  • aluminum nanopowder
  • chemical activity parameters
  • electric explosion of wire
  • storage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Parameters of Aluminum Nanopowders Activity after Long-Term Storage in an Airtight Container",
abstract = "The work has established the change in the activity parameters of aluminum nanopowders produced by electric explosion of a wire during their storage in an airtight container. The change in the characteristics of the nanopowders using four activity parameters was measured by benchmarking their activity after the production, passivation and keeping for 10–20 days and after their storage for 16 years. It was also established that after long-term storage, the temperature of oxidation initiation for the nanopowders in air has increased; the increment of mass during oxidation at up to 800 °C for all specimens has increased, while the content of metallic aluminum has decreased. The electrical double layer on the surface of aluminum nanoparticles during storing even in an airtight container changes with time and does not provide the protective function. In this connection, the future application of aluminum nanopowders in high-energy materials is not feasible without solving the problem of their stability. According to the results, electric-explosion aluminum nanopowder is an unstable aluminum-air system even in an airtight container.",
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AU - Ilyin, Alexander

AU - Tikhonov, Dmitriy

AU - Mostovshchikov, Andrei

PY - 2018/8/1

Y1 - 2018/8/1

N2 - The work has established the change in the activity parameters of aluminum nanopowders produced by electric explosion of a wire during their storage in an airtight container. The change in the characteristics of the nanopowders using four activity parameters was measured by benchmarking their activity after the production, passivation and keeping for 10–20 days and after their storage for 16 years. It was also established that after long-term storage, the temperature of oxidation initiation for the nanopowders in air has increased; the increment of mass during oxidation at up to 800 °C for all specimens has increased, while the content of metallic aluminum has decreased. The electrical double layer on the surface of aluminum nanoparticles during storing even in an airtight container changes with time and does not provide the protective function. In this connection, the future application of aluminum nanopowders in high-energy materials is not feasible without solving the problem of their stability. According to the results, electric-explosion aluminum nanopowder is an unstable aluminum-air system even in an airtight container.

AB - The work has established the change in the activity parameters of aluminum nanopowders produced by electric explosion of a wire during their storage in an airtight container. The change in the characteristics of the nanopowders using four activity parameters was measured by benchmarking their activity after the production, passivation and keeping for 10–20 days and after their storage for 16 years. It was also established that after long-term storage, the temperature of oxidation initiation for the nanopowders in air has increased; the increment of mass during oxidation at up to 800 °C for all specimens has increased, while the content of metallic aluminum has decreased. The electrical double layer on the surface of aluminum nanoparticles during storing even in an airtight container changes with time and does not provide the protective function. In this connection, the future application of aluminum nanopowders in high-energy materials is not feasible without solving the problem of their stability. According to the results, electric-explosion aluminum nanopowder is an unstable aluminum-air system even in an airtight container.

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KW - electric explosion of wire

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