Orientation effect in the neutron yield in deuterated Pd target bombarded by deuterium ion beam

O. D. Dalkarov, M. A. Negodaev, A. S. Rusetskii, A. P. Chubenko, Yu L. Pivovarov, T. A. Tukhfatullin

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Abstract

At the ion accelerator HELIS at the LPI, the neutron yield is investigated from a deuteron-deuteron (DD) reaction in a deuterated Pd target, during an irradiation of its surface by a 20 keV deuterium (D) ion beam. The measurements of the neutron flux in the D beam direction are performed in dependence on the target angle β with respect to the D beam axis using a multichannel detector based on He3 counters. A significant anisotropy in the neutron yield is observed, and it was higher by a factor of 2 at β=0 compared to that at β=±30°. The possible reasons for the anisotropy, including D ion channeling, are discussed. The orientation effect of increasing the relative probability of the DD reaction in Pd due to channeling was investigated by computer simulations using the bcm-2.0 code. The numerically obtained 20 keV D trajectories allow calculating the flux density of channeled D in dependence on the penetration depth and angle of incidence. The enhanced D flux density between crystal planes at a zero incident angle with respect to (200) Pd planes allows a qualitative explanation of the increase of the neutron yield in the DD reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number034201
JournalPhysical Review Accelerators and Beams
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2019

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

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