Organic carbon remobilized from thawing permafrost is resequestered by reactive iron on the Eurasian Arctic Shelf

Joan A. Salvadõ, Tommaso Tesi, August Andersson, Johan Ingri, Oleg V. Dudarev, Igor P. Semiletov, Örjan Gustafsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Given the potential for permafrost carbon (PF/C)-climate feedbacks in the Siberian-Arctic land-ocean system, there is a need for understanding the fate of thawed-out PF/C. Here we show that the sequestration of OC by reactive iron (OC-Fe) ranges between 0.5 and 22% on the Eurasian Arctic Shelf, with higher values in the Kara Sea (KS) (18 ± 6%) and the Laptev Sea (LS) (14 ± 4%). The Δ14C/δ13C signatures of the OC-Fe are substantially older and more terrestrial than the bulk sediment OC in the LS but younger and more dominated by marine plankton sources in the East Siberian Sea (ESS). Statistical source apportionment modeling reveal that reactive iron phases resequestered 15 ± 5% of thawing PF/C in the LS and 6.4 ± 5% in the ESS, derived from both coastal erosion of ice complex deposit and thawing topsoil. This Fe-associated trap of PF/C constitutes a reduction of the degradation/outgassing and thus also an attenuation of the PF/C-climate feedback. Key Points Insights on what OC fractions are trapped by reactive Fe phases The thawed PF/C is partly trapped by reactive Fe on the largest Arctic shelf This rusty carbon sink attenuates the PF/C-climate feedback

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8122-8130
Number of pages9
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume42
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2015

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permafrost
thawing
shelves
organic carbon
melting
iron
climate feedback
carbon
climate
plankton
coastal erosion
carbon sink
outgassing
topsoil
sea
sinks
erosion
oceans
sediments
ice

Keywords

  • carbon cycle
  • carbon sequestration
  • permafrost
  • reactive iron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Geophysics

Cite this

Organic carbon remobilized from thawing permafrost is resequestered by reactive iron on the Eurasian Arctic Shelf. / Salvadõ, Joan A.; Tesi, Tommaso; Andersson, August; Ingri, Johan; Dudarev, Oleg V.; Semiletov, Igor P.; Gustafsson, Örjan.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, No. 19, 16.10.2015, p. 8122-8130.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Salvadõ, Joan A. ; Tesi, Tommaso ; Andersson, August ; Ingri, Johan ; Dudarev, Oleg V. ; Semiletov, Igor P. ; Gustafsson, Örjan. / Organic carbon remobilized from thawing permafrost is resequestered by reactive iron on the Eurasian Arctic Shelf. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2015 ; Vol. 42, No. 19. pp. 8122-8130.
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