Oral application of carbon nanofibers in rats increases blood concentration of IL6 and IL10 and decreases locomotor activity

Nina Vitalievna Sayapina, Tatyana Anantolievna Batalova, Alexander Alexandrovich Sergievich, Mikhail Anatolievich Shtarberg, Eugeny Alexandrovich Borodin, Pavel Pavlovich Khoroshikh, Vladimir Victorovich Chaika, Vladimir Valerievich Kodintsev, Alexey Anatolievich Vedyagin, Ilya Vladimirovich Mishakov, Antonis Vakis, Petra Henrich-Noack, Aristidis M. Tsatsakis, Ayse Basak Engin, Kirill Golokhvast

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Carbon nanofibers (CNF) are versatile nanomaterials that are widely used in various fields of science and technology. As a consequence, animals as well as humans may be exposed to such compounds via different routes. We hypothesized that oral intake of CNF will lead to an inflammatory reaction and consequently induce behavioral impairments. To address this issue, rats were fed with 500 mg/kg CNF for 14 days and their locomotor activity, emotional status and cognition were quantified by testing the animals in an open field set-up, elevated plus maze and in the universal problem solving box which provides information about motivation and cognition. The behavioral tests were performed 3 times within 10 days. At the end of the experiment, blood samples were collected and the plasma concentrations of IL-6, IL-8, IL-1β, IL-10 and IL-18 were measured. Our results demonstrated an inflammatory reaction determined by a significantly elevated IL-6 concentration. This, however, was counteracted by an even more pronounced increase in IL-10. The behavioral effects were restricted mainly to a decrease in locomotor activity which was significant in the open field test, as well as the elevated plus maze. Other parameters indicative of cognitive performance were not influenced and also the emotional status was largely unaffected. In conclusion, our results revealed that oral intake of 500 mg/kg CNF induced some adverse effects, which, however, can be still partially compensated by the organism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-191
Number of pages9
JournalEnvironmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • behavioral indicates
  • carbon nanofibers
  • interleukin-10
  • interleukin-6
  • locomotor activity
  • Wistar rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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