Optimization of plasma dynamic synthesis of ultradispersed silicon carbide and obtaining SPS ceramics on its basis

Alexander Sivkov, Dmitriy Nikitin, Ivan Shanenkov, Alexander Ivashutenko, Iliyas Rahmatullin, Arthur Nassyrbayev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Obtaining SiC ceramics with high physical and mechanical properties requires the use of high purity products with a single crystal structure of particles. Such a product can be obtained by the plasma dynamic synthesis based on using a pulsed arc discharge. This paper presents that the way of an arc discharge ignition significantly influences both the effectiveness of the precursor sublimation and the phase composition of the final ultradispersed product. The arc discharge ignition through a thermal breakdown mechanism is the most efficient way to implement the plasma dynamic synthesis of silicon carbide β-SiC and achieve its yield up to ~99 wt% of the product. The synthesized powder is characterized by a single crystal structure of particles and their average size of ~70 nm. Spark plasma sintering of the as-prepared materials allows improving the ceramics quality in comparison with the ceramics sintered from the commercial silicon carbide. This effect is especially observed at sintering the ceramics with the use of Al-B-C additives, when the higher mechanical characteristics (ρ = 98.8%, H = 26 GPa) are achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019


  • Ceramics
  • Plasma dynamic synthesis
  • Silicon carbide
  • Single crystal particles
  • Spark plasma sintering
  • Ultradispersed powder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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