One-Step Synthesis of 2,5-Bis(chloromethyl)-1,4-dioxane from Epichlorohydrin Using ZIF-8, Taking Advantage of Structural Defects

Bibimaryam Mousavi, Zhixiong Luo, Suphot Phatanasri, Wei Su, Tingting Wang, Somboon Chaemchuen, Francis Verpoort

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


We demonstrate herein the ZIF-8-only-mediated catalysis of the cyclodimerization of epichlorohydrin to 2,5-bis(chloromethyl)-1,4-dioxane in the absence of co-catalyst and solvent. The easy handling and economic aspects of ZIF-8, in addition to the one-step reaction to produce the cyclodimer, make this catalyst attractive even for industry. It has been clearly illustrated that the nature of the method used to synthesize ZIF-8 affected the yields of the cyclodimers. Specifically, the method employed to produce ZIF-8 directly influences the amount of crystal structural defects, which in turn impacts their performance as catalysts. To emphasize the role of defects, other physical properties, such as surface area and particle size, were controlled during the synthesis of the ZIF-8 catalysts. Remarkably, the amount of structural defects was quantified by temperature program desorption analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4947-4954
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Issue number42
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2017



  • Cyclodimerization
  • Structural defects
  • Temperature program desorption
  • X-ray diffraction
  • Zeolites
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this