One-step preparation of antimicrobial silver nanoparticles in polymer matrix

O. Lyutakov, Y. Kalachyova, A. Solovyev, S. Vytykacova, J. Svanda, J. Siegel, P. Ulbrich, V. Svorcik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Simple one-step procedure for in situ preparation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in the polymer thin films is described. Nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by reaction of N-methyl pyrrolidone with silver salt in semi-dry polymer film and characterized by transmission electron microscopy, XPS, and UV–Vis spectroscopy techniques. Direct synthesis of NPs in polymer has several advantages; even though it avoids time-consuming NPs mixing with polymer matrix, uniform silver distribution in polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) films is achieved without necessity of additional stabilization. The influence of the silver concentration, reaction temperature and time on reaction conversion rate, and the size and size-distribution of the AgNPs was investigated. Polymer films doped with AgNPs were tested for their antibacterial activity on Gram-negative bacteria. Antimicrobial properties of AgNPs/PMMA films were found to be depended on NPs concentration, their size and distribution. Proposed one-step synthesis of functional polymer containing AgNPs is environmentally friendly, experimentally simple and extremely quick. It opens up new possibilities in development of antimicrobial coatings with medical and sanitation applications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Antimicrobial test
  • Health effects
  • Polymer
  • Silver nanoparticles
  • TEM, XPS and UV–Vis characterization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Bioengineering

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