The paper considers the effect of the space charge of emitted electrons on the electric field at the tip of a field emitter. To analyze this phenomenon, the Poisson equation was solved numerically for a spherical vacuum diode with a field emission cathode. The dependence of the electric field on the geometric field has been compared with the known approximate dependencies. Strong screening of the electric field at the cathode by the space charge of emitted electrons at fields >5×107 V/cm is noted. Based on the obtained dependencies of the actual field on the geometric one and using the SuperSAM code, the field emission occurring in a Muller projector has been simulated. It has been shown that the `ring effect' appearing in field emission patterns can well be explained by field emission from the peripheral regions of the field emitter. The current density distributions over the surface and in the bulk of the emitter have been analyzed.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering