On the nature of the silver phases of Ag/Al2O3 catalysts for reactions involving nitric oxide

N. Bogdanchikova, F. C. Meunier, M. Avalos-Borja, J. P. Breen, A. Pestryakov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The nature of the silver phases of Ag/Al2O3 catalysts (prepared by silver nitrate impregnation followed by calcination) was investigated by X-ray diffractograms (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and UV-VIS analyses and related to the activity of the corresponding materials for the oxidation of NO to NO2. The UV-VIS spectrum of the 1.2 wt.% Ag/Al2O3 exhibited essentially one band associated with Ag+ species and the NO2 yields measured over this material were negligible. A 10 wt.% Ag/Al2O3 material showed the presence of oxidic species of silver (as isolated Ag+ cations and silver aluminate), but the UV-VIS data also revealed the presence of some metallic silver. The activity for the NO oxidation to NO2 of this sample was moderate. The same 10% sample either reduced in H2 or used for the C3H6-selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO showed a significantly larger proportion of silver metallic phases and these samples displayed a high activity for the formation of NO2. These data show that the structure and nature of the silver phases of Ag/Al2O3 catalysts can markedly change under reaction feed containing only a fraction of reducing agent (i.e. 500 ppm of propene) in net oxidizing conditions (2.5% O2). The low activity for N2 formation during the C3H6-SCR of NO (reported in an earlier study) over the high loading sample can, therefore, be related to the presence of metallic silver, which is yet a good catalyst for NO oxidation to NO2. The reverse observations apply for the oxide species observed over the low loading sample, which is a good SCR catalyst but do not oxidize NO to NO2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-297
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2002

Fingerprint

Nitric oxide
nitric oxide
Silver
silver
Nitric Oxide
catalyst
Catalysts
Selective catalytic reduction
Oxidation
oxidation
Silver Nitrate
Reducing Agents
Impregnation
Reducing agents
Calcination
Oxides
Cations
Propylene
transmission electron microscopy
Nitrates

Keywords

  • Alumina
  • NO
  • NO
  • Silver
  • TEM
  • UV-VIS
  • XRD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

On the nature of the silver phases of Ag/Al2O3 catalysts for reactions involving nitric oxide. / Bogdanchikova, N.; Meunier, F. C.; Avalos-Borja, M.; Breen, J. P.; Pestryakov, A.

In: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol. 36, No. 4, 28.03.2002, p. 287-297.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bogdanchikova, N. ; Meunier, F. C. ; Avalos-Borja, M. ; Breen, J. P. ; Pestryakov, A. / On the nature of the silver phases of Ag/Al2O3 catalysts for reactions involving nitric oxide. In: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental. 2002 ; Vol. 36, No. 4. pp. 287-297.
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