Normoxic lung ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) leads to oxidative injury of the pulmonary tissue. We analyzed angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) in perfused rat lungs upon I/R in order to assess the endothelial injury produced. I/R led to a time-dependent increase in ACE activity in the perfusate, from 145 ± 14 mU to 252 ± 1 mU, and to reduction of ACE activity in the lung tissue homogenate, from 29.7 ± 2.3 U to 22.7 ± 1.7 U. About 80% of ACE activity in control and I/R rat lungs was associated with an aqueous phase of extracted perfusates, thus indicating that I/R accelerates shedding of the hydrophilic form of ACE from the plasma membrane. To specifically assess ACE localized on the luminal surface of the pulmonary endothelium, we perfused rat lungs with a radiolabeled monoclonal antibody (mAb) to ACE (anti-ACE mAb 9B9). Pulmonary uptake of mAb 989 with I/R was reduced from 32.1 ± 1.7% to 24.8 ± 0.9%. In contrast, I/R led to a marked increase in the pulmonary uptake of nonspecific [125I]IgG, from 0.17 ± 0.02% to 0.67 ± 0.04%. Lung wet weight was equal to 0.78 ± 0.08% of body weight in the I/R group versus 0.57 ± 0.02% at the control level. The observed in- crease in [125I]IgG uptake and wet lung weight indicate that I/R causes an increase in lung vascular permeability. These results indicate that normoxic lung I/R induces injury to the pulmonary vascular endothelium.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine|
|Issue number||4 I|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine