Nonpharmacological Correction of Hypersympatheticotonia in Patients with Chronic Coronary Insufficiency and Severe Left Ventricular Dysfunction

Sergey A. Afanasiev, Elena N. Pavliukova, Maria A. Kuzmichkina, Tatiana Yu Rebrova, Yana Anfinogenova, Konstantin S. Likhomanov, Rostislav S. Karpov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Control of sympathetic hyperactivity is pivotal for treatment of heart failure (HF) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Our earlier studies demonstrated that the auricular pulsed electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve (VNS) beneficially affected condition of CAD patients with HF. The aim of our study was to evaluate changes in heart rate (HR) and the levels of heat shock proteins in peripheral blood lymphocytes in patients with CAD in the course of VNS. Methods: The study comprised 70 individuals aged 50-68 years with chronic coronary insufficiency, severe left ventricular dysfunction, and NYHA functional class (FC) III-IV HF. Main group included 63 patients who received VNS course (group 1). Control patients (n = 7) received sham therapy (group 2). Results: According to the results of 6-minute walk test and 24-hour ECG monitoring, administration of VNS improved clinical condition of 58 of 63 patients, decreased HF FC, and attenuated HR. Clinical condition in sham therapy group did not change. Immunoenzyme method demonstrated that hsp70 and hsp60 contents in peripheral blood lymphocyte lysate increased by 58% and 48% (P <0.05), respectively, in patients who initially had HR <80 bpm. The hsp70 level significantly increased and hsp60 level remained unchanged in patients with initial HR > 80 bpm. Conclusions: Correction of autonomous nervous status by VNS attenuated HR and improved functional state of the heart in CAD patients. Cardiotropic effect of VNS was the most pronounced in patients with preserved endogenous stress-limiting systems associated with hsp60 and/or hsp70.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016

Keywords

  • Autonomous nervous system
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Heart failure
  • Heart rate, heat shock proteins
  • Vagus nerve stimulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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