Nonisothermal Evaporation of Layers of Aqueous Salt Solutions

S. Y. Misyura, V. S. Morozov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Evaporation of layers of aqueous solutions of salts (LiBr, CaCl2, NaCl, MgCl2, BaCl2, and CsCl) is studied experimentally. Experimental data are compared with evaporation of the water layer. The solution is placed on a horizontal surface of a cylindrical heating section. Experiments on surface crystallization of salts are carried out. For aqueous solutions of salts LiBr, LiCl, and CaCl2, there is an extremum for the heat transfer coefficient αl. For water and for solutions of salts NaCl and CsCl, the extremum is absent. The first factor is a decreasing function of time, and the second factor is an increasing function of time. For the water layer, both factors continuously increase with time, and the maximum evaporation rate corresponds to the final stage of evaporation. The heat balance for interface layer is made up. The role of the free gas convection in the heat balance strongly depends on the salt concentration and varies with the rise of evaporation time. For low salt concentrations the influence of free convection in the gas phase on heat transfer in the liquid phase can be neglected; however, for high concentrations this effect is comparable with other factors. The curves for the rate of crystallization have been built. More than two time differences between the experiment and the calculation are associated with the kinetics of dendritic structures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number011501
JournalJournal of Heat Transfer
Volume141
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Evaporation
Salts
evaporation
salts
heat balance
range (extremes)
Crystallization
Water
Gases
crystallization
water
aqueous solutions
Magnesium Chloride
evaporation rate
heat transfer coefficients
Natural convection
free convection
Heat transfer coefficients
liquid phases
convection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Nonisothermal Evaporation of Layers of Aqueous Salt Solutions. / Misyura, S. Y.; Morozov, V. S.

In: Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol. 141, No. 1, 011501, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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