Noise-limited thermal/infrared nondestructive testing

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13 Citations (Scopus)


In thermal/infrared nondestructive testing (T/I NDT), the presence of noise in the infrared signal is an inconvenience in the method. It is convenient to introduce two extreme types of T/I NDT noise: (1) this type is purely additive and is defined by background reflections and the IR detector and (2) this is purely multiplicative and is defined by the material's absorptivity/emissivity variations. Multiple T/I NDT tests performed on various materials have shown that none of materials reveal a 'pure′ additive or multiplicative type of noise. However, in the case of optical heating, many composite and black-painted materials exhibit multiplicative noise with a noise contrast of C n=2-5%, and this determines the defect detection limits. The C n concept has been applied to a graphite epoxy composite to demonstrate that the maximum depth of detected defects in a one-sided procedure is about 4 mm. Also, in 1-10 mm-thick black-painted steel, the minimum detectable material loss is from 3% to 9%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-23
Number of pages8
JournalNDT and E International
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Defects
  • Infrared thermography
  • Noise
  • Theoretical modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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