Neutron Spectrum Measured by Activation Diagnostics in Deuterium Gas-Puff Experiments on the 3 MA GIT-12 Z-Pinch

J. Cikhardt, D. Klir, K. Rezac, A. V. Shishlov, R. K. Cherdizov, B. Cikhardtova, G. N. Dudkin, F. I. Fursov, V. A. Kokshenev, J. Kravarik, P. Kubes, N. E. Kurmaev, A. Yu Labetsky, V. N. Padalko, N. A. Ratakhin, O. Sila, K. Turek, V. A. Varlachev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A set of neutron diagnostics including scintillation time-of-flight detectors, bubble detectors, and several kinds of threshold nuclear activation samples is used to obtain information about the yield and spectrum of the neutrons produced by a deuterium gas-puff z-pinch. The experiments are performed at a current of about 3 MA on the GIT-12 generator at the Institute of High Current Electronics of the Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences in Tomsk. The average neutron yield in the experiments in 2016 was $2.3 x 10¹² neutrons per single shot. Using the data obtained with the help of neutron activation diagnostics, the time-of-flight detectors have been absolutely calibrated and the broad energy spectrum of the produced neutrons was evaluated. By the calculations presented in this paper, due to the multi-MeV energies of deuterons generated in the pinch, up to 15% of the total neutron yield could be produced by nuclear reactions of deuterons with a stainless steel vacuum chamber and aluminum components of the diagnostic apparatus inside the chamber.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8089674
Pages (from-to)3209-3217
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Volume45
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 28 Oct 2017

Fingerprint

neutron spectra
deuterium
activation
neutrons
gases
deuterons
detectors
vacuum chambers
nuclear reactions
scintillation
shot
high current
stainless steels
energy spectra
bubbles
generators
chambers
aluminum
thresholds
electronics

Keywords

  • Calibration
  • Detectors
  • Deuterium
  • Generators
  • Ions
  • Neutron detectors
  • neutron spectroscopy
  • Neutrons
  • plasma pinch.
  • Plasmas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Neutron Spectrum Measured by Activation Diagnostics in Deuterium Gas-Puff Experiments on the 3 MA GIT-12 Z-Pinch. / Cikhardt, J.; Klir, D.; Rezac, K.; Shishlov, A. V.; Cherdizov, R. K.; Cikhardtova, B.; Dudkin, G. N.; Fursov, F. I.; Kokshenev, V. A.; Kravarik, J.; Kubes, P.; Kurmaev, N. E.; Labetsky, A. Yu; Padalko, V. N.; Ratakhin, N. A.; Sila, O.; Turek, K.; Varlachev, V. A.

In: IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, Vol. 45, No. 12, 8089674, 28.10.2017, p. 3209-3217.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cikhardt, J, Klir, D, Rezac, K, Shishlov, AV, Cherdizov, RK, Cikhardtova, B, Dudkin, GN, Fursov, FI, Kokshenev, VA, Kravarik, J, Kubes, P, Kurmaev, NE, Labetsky, AY, Padalko, VN, Ratakhin, NA, Sila, O, Turek, K & Varlachev, VA 2017, 'Neutron Spectrum Measured by Activation Diagnostics in Deuterium Gas-Puff Experiments on the 3 MA GIT-12 Z-Pinch', IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, vol. 45, no. 12, 8089674, pp. 3209-3217. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPS.2017.2763641
Cikhardt, J. ; Klir, D. ; Rezac, K. ; Shishlov, A. V. ; Cherdizov, R. K. ; Cikhardtova, B. ; Dudkin, G. N. ; Fursov, F. I. ; Kokshenev, V. A. ; Kravarik, J. ; Kubes, P. ; Kurmaev, N. E. ; Labetsky, A. Yu ; Padalko, V. N. ; Ratakhin, N. A. ; Sila, O. ; Turek, K. ; Varlachev, V. A. / Neutron Spectrum Measured by Activation Diagnostics in Deuterium Gas-Puff Experiments on the 3 MA GIT-12 Z-Pinch. In: IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science. 2017 ; Vol. 45, No. 12. pp. 3209-3217.
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