Nanostructural states in solids

V. E. Panin, V. E. Egorushkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


On the basis of the joint approaches of nonequilibrium thermodynamics and physical mesomechanics, there is proposed a thermodynamic criterion of existence of a special class of pretransition two-phase nanostructural states in solids near the zero of their thermodynamic Gibbs potential. Such states determine the high structural instability of nanostructures in the external fields and are the basis of different nanotechnologies based on a "bottom-up" assemblying approach. It is suggested to call the materials characterized by nanostructural states as nanostructured. The shear-resistant materials with a grain size d < 100 nm, but being far from the zero of their thermodynamic Gibbs potential, may conveniently be classified as nanosized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-473
Number of pages10
JournalPhysics of Metals and Metallography
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2010


  • Dimensional and thermodynamic criteria of nanostructure
  • Nanomaterials science
  • Nanostructural states
  • Nonequilibrium thermodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

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