Nanosized thermometric NMR sensors based on the paramagnetic complex ion pairs of lanthanides(III) for temperature determinations in low-polar nonaqueous solutions

S. P. Babailov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

For temperature determination in solutions it is suggested that the temperature dependence of the paramagnetic lanthanide-induced shifts (LIS) in the NMR spectra on the ligand nuclei be used for [Ln(PTA)2(18-crown- 6)]+[Ln(PTA)4]- complex ion pairs formed in CCl4, CDCl3, CD2Cl2, CD 3C6D5, and C2D3N type low-polar solvents (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Eu; PTA is the pivalyltrifluoroacetonato anion). It was found experimentally that the [Ln(PTA)2(18-crown-6)]+ complex cation molecules (Ln = Ce and Pr) proved most suitable for use as nanosized (≈1.1 nm) probes for temperature determinations in nonaqueous solutions. A linear dependence of the LIS on the 1H nuclei of different groups and the difference between the LIS corresponding to the CH2 groups of the 18-crown-6 molecules and the CH groups of the PTA anions on the reciprocal temperature (1/T) was found. The LIS of the individual signals of different groups in Ln paramagnetic complexes (relative to the signals of the diamagnetic analogs, e.g., La or Lu) may be used for temperature control in the sample, although the temperature measurement error is smaller (≤ 0.04 K) when the difference between the LIS of the CH2 and CH groups is used. Due to the high thermodynamic and kinetic stability combined with small sizes of [Ln(PTA)2(18-crown-6)] +[Ln(PTA)4]- molecules in nonaqueous solutions, these compounds may be used as thermometric NMR sensors directly in reaction media for in situ control over temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-555
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Structural Chemistry
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Lanthanoid Series Elements
Rare earth elements
Nuclear magnetic resonance
Ions
nuclear magnetic resonance
shift
sensors
Sensors
ions
Molecules
Anions
Negative ions
Temperature
temperature
methylidyne
anions
molecules
nuclei
temperature control
Measurement errors

Keywords

  • Ion pairs
  • Lanthanide-induced shifts
  • Lanthanides
  • Magnetic resonance tomography
  • Molar paramagnetic susceptibility
  • NMR
  • Nonaqueous solutions
  • Temperature dependence of LIS
  • Thermometric NMR sensors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Nanosized thermometric NMR sensors based on the paramagnetic complex ion pairs of lanthanides(III) for temperature determinations in low-polar nonaqueous solutions",
abstract = "For temperature determination in solutions it is suggested that the temperature dependence of the paramagnetic lanthanide-induced shifts (LIS) in the NMR spectra on the ligand nuclei be used for [Ln(PTA)2(18-crown- 6)]+[Ln(PTA)4]- complex ion pairs formed in CCl4, CDCl3, CD2Cl2, CD 3C6D5, and C2D3N type low-polar solvents (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Eu; PTA is the pivalyltrifluoroacetonato anion). It was found experimentally that the [Ln(PTA)2(18-crown-6)]+ complex cation molecules (Ln = Ce and Pr) proved most suitable for use as nanosized (≈1.1 nm) probes for temperature determinations in nonaqueous solutions. A linear dependence of the LIS on the 1H nuclei of different groups and the difference between the LIS corresponding to the CH2 groups of the 18-crown-6 molecules and the CH groups of the PTA anions on the reciprocal temperature (1/T) was found. The LIS of the individual signals of different groups in Ln paramagnetic complexes (relative to the signals of the diamagnetic analogs, e.g., La or Lu) may be used for temperature control in the sample, although the temperature measurement error is smaller (≤ 0.04 K) when the difference between the LIS of the CH2 and CH groups is used. Due to the high thermodynamic and kinetic stability combined with small sizes of [Ln(PTA)2(18-crown-6)] +[Ln(PTA)4]- molecules in nonaqueous solutions, these compounds may be used as thermometric NMR sensors directly in reaction media for in situ control over temperature.",
keywords = "Ion pairs, Lanthanide-induced shifts, Lanthanides, Magnetic resonance tomography, Molar paramagnetic susceptibility, NMR, Nonaqueous solutions, Temperature dependence of LIS, Thermometric NMR sensors",
author = "Babailov, {S. P.}",
year = "2008",
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pages = "553--555",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Nanosized thermometric NMR sensors based on the paramagnetic complex ion pairs of lanthanides(III) for temperature determinations in low-polar nonaqueous solutions

AU - Babailov, S. P.

PY - 2008/5

Y1 - 2008/5

N2 - For temperature determination in solutions it is suggested that the temperature dependence of the paramagnetic lanthanide-induced shifts (LIS) in the NMR spectra on the ligand nuclei be used for [Ln(PTA)2(18-crown- 6)]+[Ln(PTA)4]- complex ion pairs formed in CCl4, CDCl3, CD2Cl2, CD 3C6D5, and C2D3N type low-polar solvents (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Eu; PTA is the pivalyltrifluoroacetonato anion). It was found experimentally that the [Ln(PTA)2(18-crown-6)]+ complex cation molecules (Ln = Ce and Pr) proved most suitable for use as nanosized (≈1.1 nm) probes for temperature determinations in nonaqueous solutions. A linear dependence of the LIS on the 1H nuclei of different groups and the difference between the LIS corresponding to the CH2 groups of the 18-crown-6 molecules and the CH groups of the PTA anions on the reciprocal temperature (1/T) was found. The LIS of the individual signals of different groups in Ln paramagnetic complexes (relative to the signals of the diamagnetic analogs, e.g., La or Lu) may be used for temperature control in the sample, although the temperature measurement error is smaller (≤ 0.04 K) when the difference between the LIS of the CH2 and CH groups is used. Due to the high thermodynamic and kinetic stability combined with small sizes of [Ln(PTA)2(18-crown-6)] +[Ln(PTA)4]- molecules in nonaqueous solutions, these compounds may be used as thermometric NMR sensors directly in reaction media for in situ control over temperature.

AB - For temperature determination in solutions it is suggested that the temperature dependence of the paramagnetic lanthanide-induced shifts (LIS) in the NMR spectra on the ligand nuclei be used for [Ln(PTA)2(18-crown- 6)]+[Ln(PTA)4]- complex ion pairs formed in CCl4, CDCl3, CD2Cl2, CD 3C6D5, and C2D3N type low-polar solvents (Ln = La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Eu; PTA is the pivalyltrifluoroacetonato anion). It was found experimentally that the [Ln(PTA)2(18-crown-6)]+ complex cation molecules (Ln = Ce and Pr) proved most suitable for use as nanosized (≈1.1 nm) probes for temperature determinations in nonaqueous solutions. A linear dependence of the LIS on the 1H nuclei of different groups and the difference between the LIS corresponding to the CH2 groups of the 18-crown-6 molecules and the CH groups of the PTA anions on the reciprocal temperature (1/T) was found. The LIS of the individual signals of different groups in Ln paramagnetic complexes (relative to the signals of the diamagnetic analogs, e.g., La or Lu) may be used for temperature control in the sample, although the temperature measurement error is smaller (≤ 0.04 K) when the difference between the LIS of the CH2 and CH groups is used. Due to the high thermodynamic and kinetic stability combined with small sizes of [Ln(PTA)2(18-crown-6)] +[Ln(PTA)4]- molecules in nonaqueous solutions, these compounds may be used as thermometric NMR sensors directly in reaction media for in situ control over temperature.

KW - Ion pairs

KW - Lanthanide-induced shifts

KW - Lanthanides

KW - Magnetic resonance tomography

KW - Molar paramagnetic susceptibility

KW - NMR

KW - Nonaqueous solutions

KW - Temperature dependence of LIS

KW - Thermometric NMR sensors

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U2 - 10.1007/s10947-008-0074-8

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VL - 49

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