Nanocomposite coatings with enhanced hardness

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The article reviews the present state of the art in the magnetron sputtering of hart and superhard nanocomposite coatings. It is shown that there are (1) two groups of hard and superhard nanocomposites: (i) nc-MN/hard phase and (ii) nc-MN/soft phase, (2) three possible origins of the enhanced hardness: (i) dislocation-dominated plastic deformation, (ii) cohesive forces between atoms arid (iii) nanostructure of materials, and (3) huge differences in the microstructure of single- and two-phase films. A main attention is devoted to the formation of nanocrystalline and/or X-ray amorphous films. Such films are created in a vicinity of transitions between (i) crystalline and amorphous phases, (ii) two crystalline phases of different chemical composition or (iii) two different preferred orientations of grains of the same material from which the coating is composed. The existence of the last transition makes it possible to explain the enhanced hardness in single-phase films. The thermal stability and oxidation resistance of hard nanocomposite films is also shortly discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-442
Number of pages10
JournalActa Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)
Volume18
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2005

Fingerprint

Nanocomposites
Hardness
Coatings
X ray films
Crystalline materials
Nanocomposite films
Oxidation resistance
Amorphous films
Magnetron sputtering
Nanostructures
Plastic deformation
Thermodynamic stability
Atoms
Microstructure
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • Enhanced hardness
  • Nanocomposites
  • Reactive magnetron sputtering
  • Single- and two-phase films
  • Thermal stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Metals and Alloys
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Nanocomposite coatings with enhanced hardness. / Musil, J.

In: Acta Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters), Vol. 18, No. 3, 01.06.2005, p. 433-442.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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