Motor imagery recognition in electroencephalograms using convolutional neural networks

A. D. Bragin, V. G. Spitsyn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Electroencephalography is a widespread method to record brain signals with the use of electrodes located on the surface of the head. This method of recording the brain activity has become popular because it is relatively cheap, compact, and does not require implanting the electrodes di-rectly into the brain. The article is devoted to a problem of recognition of motor imagery by electroencephalogram signals. The nature of such signals is complex. Characteristics of electroencephalograms are individual for every person, also depending on their age and mental state, as well as the presence of noise and interference. The multitude of these parameters should be taken into ac-count when analyzing encephalograms. Artificial neural networks are a good tool for solving this class of problems. Their application allows combining the tasks of extracting, selecting and classi-fying features in one signal processing unit. Electroencephalograms are time signals and we note that Gramian Angular Fields and Markov Transition Field transforms are used to represent time series in the form of images. The article shows the possibility of using the Gramian Angular Fields and Markov Transition Field transformations of the electroencephalogram (EEG) signal for motor imagery recognition using examples of imaginary movements with the right and left hand, also studying the effect of the resolution of Gramian Angular Fields and Markov Transition Field images on the classification accuracy. The best classification accuracy of the EEG signal into the motion and state-of-rest classes is about 99%. In future, the research results can be applied in constructing the brain-computer interface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)482-487
Number of pages6
JournalComputer Optics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Convolutional neural networks
  • Electroencephalogram
  • Gramian angular field
  • Image analysis
  • Markov transition field
  • Motor imagery recognition
  • Neural networks
  • Pattern recognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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